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“在中国人民志愿军里,有千千万万个王成”
来源:文艺报 | 黄会林  2020年10月23日08:53
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zaizheigexiaofeizhuyishengxingdeniandai,kuaicanshidewenhua、suipianhuadexinxichongchiyurenmendeshenghuozhizhong,wuhuabamende“mingxing”“ouxiang”“liuliang”lunfanzhanjuzhegeleimeitidebanmian,xianqiyiboyouyibodeyulelangchao。yourenyincirenwei,zheigeniandaiyijingbuxuyaoyingxiong,buxuyaoneixiehongdadexushu、shenkedezhuti、chonggaodeshiming、chaoyuedejingshen,“yingxiongyijingqiaorantuichang,querdaizhideshifanyingxiongdejingcaibiaoyan。zheishiyigemeiyouyingxiongyebuxuyaoyingxiongdeshidai,yingxiongshenhuawukenaihedirangweijileshisushenhua”。

yingxiongzhende“guoshi”lema?wobingbuzheimerenwei。ruliuyuxizaishizhongsuoshuo,“tiandiyingxiongqi,qianqiushanglinran”,yingxiongsuoyongyoudeshengminglishiyonghengde。tamenyihouzhongdelishifenlianghexianshiyiyi,momogouzhuqiwomenshidaidejingshenjidi。ranerdangouxianggengdie,liuxingtunsezhiji,yingxiongrengranzailishidezhanghezhongyiyishenghui,zaishige、huihua、yingshidengyishuzuopinzhongbeirenchuansong。

shangyingyu1964niandedianying《yingxiongernv》jiushizheiyangyibuougeyingxiongdejingdianzhizuo。yingpiangushifashengzai70nianqiandekangmeiyuanchaozhanchang,nianqingdezhiyuanjunzhanshiwangchengshangyuchuyuanhou,zhudongqingzhan,lijitoushendaoxindezhandouzhizhong。weilezuzhimeijundegongshi,tawanqiangjianshouwuminggaodi,zuizhongshouwobaopotongtiaorudiqun,zhuangliexisheng。tademeimei、wengongtuanyuanwangfanghuaizhebeitongdexinqing,yiyiqu《yingxiongzange》jidadiguwulewojunjiangshi,bingjichenggegeyizhi,zaiqianxianyingyongyudi。zhengweiwangwenqingrenchuwangfangshitaduonianqianshisandeqinshengnver,danyizhizhezijideganqing,bingweiyuzhixiangren,zhidaowangfangyuyangfuwangfubiaozaichaoxianzhongfeng,caizhidaozijideshenshi,funvzhongyutuanyuan。zuoweiyibuzhanzhengticaiyingpian,《yingxiongernv》meiyoudanchundimiaohuizhanzhengchangmian,ershitongguoxiongmei、fuzi、funv、zhanyoudengduozhongrenwuguanxi,jiagouqishengdongquzhedegushiqingjie,suzaolelitifengmandeyingxiongxingxiang,yongduozhongshouduan、congduozhongweidumiaohuilechaoxianzhanchangshangjiangdeyingxiongzhuyihuajuan。

崇高的英雄美学

zuoweiyizhongshenmeixingtai,yingxiongzongshidaiyoufeifande、lixiangde、chaoyuexingdechonggaotezhi,zaimouzhongyiyishang,zheizhongchonggaozhengshiyingxiongqubieyufansudebenzhitezheng,yeshiwenyizuopinzaimiaohuiyingxiongshibukehuoquedemeixuexiangdu。zaiyingpianzhong,yingxiongdechonggaozhimeitongguoyixilienongmozhongcaideshitingshouduanchengxianchulai:zaiwangchengyudirentongguiyujindegaochaoduanluo,qiangpaosheng、chongshashengdengzhenshidehuanjingshengguiyuchenji,jiangxiongzhuangdehechangshengjianjianzengqiang,shouchibaopotongdewangchengliyugaodi,beihoushiwanrenshanchuanhetouchewuyundexiaguang,fangfoweiqidaishangleshenshengdeguanghuan。yuyangpaijingtouzhongwangchengdegaodashenzixiangdui,fupaixiademeijunshibingxiandeaixiaoweiju、jinghuangshicuo,yiduankuaisudeqiehuanjianjihou,wangchengyingyongjuanqu,shuqingdeyinlebansuiyanyun、songtaoxiangqi,hongtuochushishibandechonggaofenwei。

zaizheiyiduanluozhong,chonggaozhimeitongguoyingxiongdexishengchengxian,yanzhengle“tongganshenmei”detezhi——tongganbikuaigangengshenke、gengqianglie,gouchengleyingxiongxingxiangdezhuangyandise,guanzhongzaibeitong、zhenhanzhongtihuidaoqiangdaliliang,jinerchanshengduilieshishengmingjiazhideganwu,wanchengjingshendeshenghua。

诗意的英雄气质

yuyibandezhanzhengpianbutong,《yingxiongernv》bingweibachuangzuozhongxinfangzaizhanzhengchangmiandezaixian,ershiyongxiangdangpianfushuqingxieyi,yunyongyinlededutebiaoxianshouduan,zhanxianchureliedegeminglangmanzhuyifengge。zaiyingpianzhong,“wangchengxisheng”zheiyigaochaoqingjiezaiqiansanfenzhiyichubianjieshu,danjinjiezheyanchang《yingxiongzange》deduanluozeyouxieshizouxiangxieyi,hualongdianjingbandianchuleyingpiandeyingxiongzhuti,jianggesongyingxiongtuixiangxindegaochao。

zaichaqu《yingxiongzange》youyangshuzhandegeshengli,yingpiancongtiankong、songlindengchongmanyinyudefengjingqieru,tongguojingtoudiaodu,wanchengyuan、zhong、jinjingdeliuchangzhuanhuan,zhongtuyiducharulianxiangmengtaiqi,youzhanshimianhuaichensideshenqing,diehuachuwangchengfenyongshadideshenzi,chengxianchuxianmingdeshuqingxing。zhugebufendegeciyong“fengyan”“qingshan”“qingtianxianglei”“dahaiyangbo”dengdaliangdaiyouminzuhuashenmeitezhidechuantongyixiang,jinyibuxuanranyingxiongdeguanghuixingxiang,erfugebufendegeci“weishenmezhanqimeiruhua,yingxiongdexianxueranhongleta;weishenmedadichunchangzai,yingxiongdeshengmingkaixianhua”zeyanxulejiangsiwangchonggaohuadeshiyifengge,bingtongguo“zhongzhangdieyong”dechulishoufa,shigequdadaoyiyongsantan,dangqihuichangdexiaoguo。zhidaojintian,zheishoudongrendechaquyijiuguangweiliuchuan,chengweizansongyingxiongdejingdianzhizuo。

人性化的英雄情感

yingxiongshichonggaode、huihongde、chaoyuede,yupuluodazhongderichangshenmeicunzaiyidingjuli。yifangmian,zheizhongjulizaojiuleyingxiongdemeili,lingyifangmian,zheizhongjuliruguoguoda,jiuhuilingyingxiongbiandegaobukepan、qugaohegua,xueruoqizhenshixing,duiyingxiongjingshendexuanyangxingchengzuai。yinci,dianying《yingxiongernv》bujinchengxianlehuihongzhuangliedeyingxiongshiji,yebiaodalexini、shenchendeyingxiongqinggan。

yingpianjichenglebajinyuanzhu《tuanyuan》degerenhuashijiaohelunlixushijiegou,bingjiangqingjiezhongdianfangzaiqingganbiaodashang,duiyufuzizhiqing、xiongmeizhiqing、zhanyouzhiqing,shenzhishizhongchaoliangguorenminzhijiandeqinggandengdoujinxinglexinidemiaoxie。piruquanpiandezhuyaoxiansuozhiyi,wangfangyushengfuwangwenqingdezhongfeng,zaikaitoubiantongguowangwenqingruoyousuosidebiaoqingtexiemaixiafubi,dangwangfangshiquxiongzhangshi,wangwenqingannazhulerenqindechongdong,gulitahuabeitongweililiang,nuligongzuo,bufufuxiongdezhutuo。zheijishiweichengjiu“dawo”yizhi“xiaowo”,yeshiweichengquantarenerxishengziji,posu、shengdongderenqingrenxingyugaoshang、chuncuidedaodelixiangjiaoxianghuiying。zaijinglishengsilibie、jiehouzhongfenghou,zheiduifunvzhongyuzaizhanchangshangxiangren,chuangzuozhejiangxinduyun,jiangzheiyituanyuanchangmian(erfeichangguidezhanzhengchangmian)zuoweiquanpiandegaochao,shiyingxiongxingxiangbujinyoulegaodu、shendu,yeyouleqinggandewendu。

真实的英雄事迹

honghonglieliedekangmeiyuanchaozhanzhengyongxianlewushuyingxiongernv,jubuwanquantongji,gongpingxuanchule30yuwanyingxiongmofanhejin6000geyingxiongjiti。bianjumaofengzaisoujisucaideguochengzhongfaxian,yi“tongguiyujin”fangshiyingyongxishengdewojunjiangshishubushengshu,shenzhijinyigetuan,zaiyichangzhanyizhongjiuchuxianle20duoweiyudirentongguiyujindeyingxiong。zuizhong,yingpianrongheleyanggensi、yushuchang、jiangqingquandengduoweizhandouyingxiongdeshiji,rongzhuchu“wangcheng”zheiyidianxingrenwu,zhenshisuzaolezhiyuanjunyingxiongdequntixingxiang。

yabo88登录 “zaizhongguorenminzhiyuanjunli,youqianqianwanwangewangcheng”,zuoweiyimingcongchaoxianzhanchangguilaideputongzhanshi,woduizheijutaiciyouzheqieshendetihui。1950nian,wozhengzaibeishidafuzhongduchusan,yuquanxiaoshishengyiqibaomingcanjun,zuizhongyouxingchengweibanshangbeipizhunruwudesiweitongxuezhiyi,zaizhiyuanjungaopaotuanzhengzhichudanrenxuanchuanyuan,jiuxiangyingpianzhongdewangfangyiyang。zaizhanzhengjianxi,womenyuzhanshimenyiqicashihuopao、zhunbeidanyao,jiaozhanshishizi、changjunge,wangwangqianyitianhaitanxiaofengsheng,diertianjiuyaojieshoucankuzhanhuodekaoyan。qizhongzuicanliedeyizhangshichixuleqitianqiyedeqingchuanjiangzhanyi。weilepohuaiqingchuanjiangdaqiaozheizuowojunyunshubujidedadongmai,meijunchudongleshangqianjiahongzhajimengliejingong,erwosuozaidepaotuancegaoban,fuzejiancedijidegaodu、fangwei,yinciyechengweidirendegongjizhongdian。jideneishizaizhendishangsongpaodan、taishangyuan,jiguanqiangsaoshededanpiandazaigangkuishangdangdangzhixiang,zhongxinghongzhajidetoudanzaishenpanlonglonghongming,youyiliangci,zhadanxianqidenitushikuaijihujiangwomenyanmai,wobujinxiang,zheihuikezhenyao“kangmeiyuanchao”le,danzuizhongyoutaoguoyijie。dangran,bushimeiweizhanshidouruwozheibanxingyun,zaishengsiguantou,yeyouxuduorenxiangwangchengneiyangsheshengfusi,kangkaijuanqu:pirudanrencegaobanbanzhangdeshiyiweimingjiaoliuxingpeidezhanshi,wohaijideyutayiqicapaodan、changjunge,jidetahuopokailangdexingge,dangmianduidijihongzhashi,tayoushineiyangchenzhejianding,yiranyongshentibaohulejuyouzhongyaozuoyongdecegaoyi,zijiquexishengle。womenyexiangwangfangneiyang,weitabianpailejiemu,zaibuduizhongchuanchang。tademingzihuoxubingbuweihenduorensuozhi,danzaiwodexinzhong,zeliuxialebukemomiedeshenkeyinji。

zaizheichangzhanyizhong,jinwosuozaide512tuanjiuxishengle100duoren。duiyuzheixiesiqudezhanyou,womenzhinengjitamencaxiganjingshenti,fangrubudaiyanmai。zhanyijieshuhou,buduipingxuanchule100ming“renmingongchen”,woshiqizhongweiyidenvbing。zheiduanjinglirangwosikaozijiweishenmehuozhe,yinggaizenyanghuozhe,huozhedejiazhishishenme。suiranlikailechaoxianzhanchang,danwoyongyuandoushiyimingzhiyuanjunzhanshi,weiyoujixupinbo,fendoubuxi,cainengbugufuzhanyoumendexisheng。

yabo88登录 zhanzhengfengyanyiyuan,yingxionghaoqizhangcun。zaizhiyuanjunkangmeiyuanchaochuguozuozhan70zhounianzhiji,xiwangyougengduorentongguo《yingxiongernv》dengjingdiandianyingzuopin,lejie70nianqianyingxiongmendeweidaguanghui。woxiangxin,yingxiongdejingshenbijiangchuanyueshikong,huiyingweilai。