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费里尼的梦与梦书
来源:北京青年报 | 黑择明  2020年10月23日09:08
关键词:

jinnianqiafengweidadeyidalidianyingdashifeidelike·feilinibainiandanchen,quanshijieyingmidouzaiyigezidefangshijinianzhezheiweiyong“zhongyao”doubuzuyixingrongdedaoyan。tadezuopinsimi、guili、menghuan,fenggedushuyizhi,ertasuozhude《mengshu》(yituwenbingmaodexingshijilulefeilinizi1960niandao1986nianzhijiandemeng),huoxunengchengweiwomendakaitadianyingdeyigetongdao。

衣品

yibanlaishuo,guanzhongbuhuiliuyidaoyandechuanyifengge,dandadaoyanmensidixiachuanyitongchangdouhenyouzijidefaner。wangerdeyoujumingyan:nanrenzuiyaojindeshiqingjiushiquzhaotadecaifeng。jibianzaichengyigongyefadadeshidai,oulunanshimenyiranruci,yinweichuanzhetongchangshiziworenzhidebiaoda。nafeidelike·feilinilaishuoba,zuoweiyidalinanren,taduifuzhuangdepinweishiyushengjulaide,womenzhiyaokan《tianmideshenghuo》jiukeyizhidaole,jibianfangzaijintian,yirannengwenwenmiaoshagezhongshishangxiuchang。

dangrangenhenduotiancaiyiyang(liruaisensitan),feilinidezishenyingjiantiaojianyiban,danaodai,youxiepang,tuiduan,dantade“yipin”quehenjiafen。qingzhuangnianyitouheifadeshihou,taxihuanchuanjiancaidetideheisetaozhuang,zheiyidianxiangdangyidali;erheifajianbai,chengweihuisedeshihou,tahuiyongyinhuisewaiyilaidapei;daoxufajinbaiqiexishushi,tayoupianaiheisedayi,bingdapeiyitiaozhenghongsedeyangrongweijin。

raner,waibiaodedetibingbuyiweizhenengjitadailaiqieshideanquangan。zaitaliuxiadeqishu——《mengshu》zhong,womenbunankandaotadeziwopingjiahendi,changchangjiangzijihuachengyigeshouxiao、cangbaide“ruoji”(ouzhouren,wulunnanrennvrendouyijiankang、shaideheiheidefuseweimei),zaigaoda、fengman、qiangzhuangdenvxingmianqianzicanxinghui。suiranjianhuoyehuihuazijiqingnianshidaimantouheifadeyangzi,danshiwenzizongshishanggande。

画梦

weishenmeshuo《mengshu》shiyibuqishuni?taduiyuwomenrenshifeiliniyouyouheyiyini?

《mengshu》,gumingsiyi,zheishiyibuduimengdejilu,tongshi,zheiyeshi“huamenglu”,tayongtuwenbingmaodexingshijilulefeilinizi1960niandao1986nianzhijiandemeng,zonggongjiangjinwubaiye,nazaishoulishiyibuchendiandiande“juzhu”。

yabo88登录 bixuchengren,zuomengshiyizhongteshudetianfu。feilinicongliuqisuideshihoujiukaishizuogezhongqiqiguaiguaidemeng。duiyupingchangbuzenmezuomengderenlaishuo,zheishibukesiyide,yinweizheixiemengzhongchongmanlegezhongzhengzhao、yugan、yuxianshideduiying,yijigezhongbianxing、duixianshishenghuogezhonglunlidaodededianfu。

shenghuozhong,buzuomengderenchangchangrenweishanzhangzuomengderenbukexinhuozhishixiangxiangeryi,guanyuzheiyidianshijishangfeichangnanyigoutong。bizheruguobushishenghuozhongyouzheiyangdepengyou,bingkandaotademengyuyuyanzhijianjingrendelianxi,kongpayehennanxiangxin——zheiyezhishiyinweiwomenzishenrenshishijiedeweidujiqiyouxiandeyuangu。

danshi,duiyudianyingzheizhongmeijieeryan,“mengxiangzhe”qiaqiajubeitianrandeyoushi。“ruluyirudian,rumenghuanpaoying”——suoweidexianshiyumengjing,duiyutamenlaishuobushieryuanduilide,jiurutongzhuangzhoumengdieneigediangudeneihanyiyang。guer,zheiyangdedaoyanzuiweishuandianyingyishudeaomisuozai。bogemanzuipeifutaerkefusijizheizhongbenshi——tanenggouzhunquedibazijizuodemengpaichulai。feilinineixiezhumingdedianyingdoushitazuoguodemeng,yigemengjiezhelingyigemeng。lingyigefeichangshanyubuzhuomengjingdehoubeidaoyandawei·linqikendingyucixinyouqiqiyan。

zaizuixinchubandezichuan《mengshi》zhong,linqijiluxiatayufeilinidejiaoji。《babuban》dedaoyanduitalaishuoyeshixinzhongdedashen。1990nian,tamentongshicanjialejianadianyingjie,linqide《woxinkuangye》shizaifeilinidezuihouyibudianying《yueyin》zhihoufangyingde,zheilinglinqishifenxingfen,tashuo:“wotaijidongle,wodedianyingjuranyaoaizhefeilinifangying,zheijianzhilingrennanyizhixin!”1993nian,linqiquluomapaiyigejielaer·dipaliyuedaiyandeguanggao,shexiangshizhengshifeilinidehezuozhetuoninuo,tuoninuogaosuta,feilinizhengzailuomazhuyuan,yushijiuyouletamendehuimian。feilinizuozailunyishang,linqizuozaitaduimian,tamenjiuzheiyangshoulazheshou,liaolehenduo——linqichengzhiwei“zheishiwojingliguodezuimeihaodeshiqing”。

jinjinliangtianzhihou,feilinijiuqushile。linqishuo:zaiyidalihefaguodedianyinghuangjinshiqi(qishijiushishijiedianyingdehuangjinshiqi),feilinijiushidianyingdeguowang。

shunbianshuoyiju,《yueyin》shijiweiweidadedianying,yeshiweidademengjing,kexidongtaderenzhendetaishaole。

释梦

womenyaolijie《mengshu》,shouxianyaojiejueyigewenti,zheijiushifeiliniduizijide“dingwei”,jiyishujiadeshiming。duicitayouqingxiderenshi:

heweiyishujia?——jiushineixiemoranjingjuezijizhishenyuwulixianshihexingershangxianshizhijiandewaishengren。zaizheixingershangdexianshimianqian,womenzheixierenquanshiwaishengren。neime,sheishizheigechaofanshijiedezhenzhenggongmin?——shishengren。raner,zhengshizheigewochengweiwaishengdezhongjiandidai,yigechuyuyouxingshijiehewuxingshijiezhijiandebianjingguojia——caishizhenzhengdeyishujiadewangguo。

bunankanchu,yishujiashimouzhongxingshide“tonglingzhe”,feilinidianyingyiji《mengshu》,junyu“tonglingshu”xiangguan。tashengchengzijishi“tianshengsahuangjia”,yezhinengzaizheigecengmianshanglijie。

yabo88登录 yinweizongshizuoqiguaidemeng,feiliniduiyushimengshihenganxingqude,yincitayujingshenfenxixuepai,youqishiruishixinlixuejiakaer·ronggezheiyipaijiexialebujiezhiyuan。tashenzhiduocimengjianlerongge,bingzai《mengshu》zhonghuaxialemengzhongsuojianronggedeyangzi。ronggedeqinchuandizi,dangshiouzhouzuizhumingdexinlixuejiaensite·bonadezheifangmianshifeilinideliangshi(yeshitadejingshenfenxishi,bonadedefuwuduixiangbuzhifeilini,tagenhenduoouzhoumingrendouyoujiaoji)。zhengshitajianyifeilinirenzhenduidaizijidemeng,jilu、huaxiabingfenxitamen,yinercaiyoule《mengshu》dedansheng。yiji,tashizuoweixinliyishengduibingrendezhiliaoshouduanerkaishide,bonadeyongzheizhongfangfazhiyulebushaojingshenbinghuanzhe。zhidaotazheimeduomimi,guanxiziranbuyiban。bonadequshihouyeduocichuxianzaifeilinidemengzhong。

yabo88登录 duiyuyigedaoyanlaishuo,huahuakesuanshiyigejibengong,hekuangfeilinizuichudegongzuojiushichahuashi。danpingjiazheixiehuadeyishushuipingbingbuzhongyao,zhongyaodeshikandaozheixiehua“xielu”leshenme。dangranyueduzheibenshuyouyigewenti,neijiushitataisirenhuale,jiuhaobiwomenzaitoukuiyinsi。mouzhongchengdushangshuochubantashenzhiyoubuqiadangde、shejilunlideyimian。suiranfeilinibenrencengjingzaijijiazhumingbaokan,baokuo《huahuagongzi》shangfabiaoguoqizhongdejigemeng,danshijingguosikaohoutazhongzhilegongzhiyuzhong,yinweidazhongshibuhuiququfenmenghexianshide,zhihuiyilvdangzuobagua。erzaizheixiemengzhong,daduoshuxianranzhinengzaiqianyishidecengmiantaolun。ruguodoutingliuzaidazhongcengmian,neimetajiuhuibeitaofaweiseqingkuang、baolupi、liantongpi、shinvekuang……birushuo,qizhongyigeguanyusuofeiya·luolandemeng(luolanzhuyanle《amakede》),qilugukanbixiaodianying。ershijishangzheizhishihuanxiangeryi,shijishangtamenzhijianconglaimeiyouguoluomanshi。suoyiyueduzheixiemeng,duzhehaishiyaoyoudianzhunbeide。

yabo88登录 yigetuchudeyinxiang,bingfeituhuazhongneixiefengrufeitundenvxing,neijibenshangdoushitadianyingdebiaozhi,youqishiruidiannvyanyuanannita·aikeboge(ji《tianmideshenghuo》nvzhujiao),zuilingwomenchijingdeshizheixiemengwuyibudaiyounongzhongdebeiguansecai,henduoshijuewangde、jihushizhongduyiyuzhengde,bansuizheyanzhongdeziwofouding、biandi、duiziji“haowucaihua”dekonghuang,erqiecong1960niankaishidaorijijieshuyizhiruci。

yabo88登录 yaozhidao,shangshiji60niandaishifeilinizuihuihuangdeshihou,tadehaozhaoliwurennengbi,zaimengzhongqueyizhizaiganshoubeichaoxiao、beinianyadekonghuang,shenzhilianneixierengaomadademeinvyeduitashichaoxiaode,jibenshangjiushi《andongniboshideyouhuo》zhongbeinvjurenannitachaonongdeneiyimu。kaolvdaowomendeshuimianshijianjihuzhanjurenshengdesanfenzhiyi,keyishuofeilinishichangchuzaijusanghekonghuangdejingshenzhuangtaizhong。

yabo88登录 tademengzhongchongmanlezainanyixiang——chehuo、chenchuan、huozai、dizhen、shuizai、haixiao、zhanzheng、kongbuxiji、feijishishi、diantizhouting、mousha、qiangjie、cusi、aizheng、zisha,beiyibafenglideshaoziwachuyanjing,shenzhiwaixingrenjiechi——gezhongkenengdesifa,tadouzaimengliyiyitiyanle。qizhong,chehuoyouqiduo,wulunqiche、kachehaishihuoche,doubeitahuadehaoxiangguancaihuobinyichedeyangzi。

lingwaitademenglihaiyougezhongcuozheheshibai,ganbushanghuocheshizuiweichangjiande。dangranhaiyouwangling——chulezijideqinren、haoyourutadebabahebonadezhiwai,dadaoyanluobeituo·luoxilinihepiaier·baoluo·pasuolinizaisihouyeduocichuxianzaifeilinidemengzhong,shenzhihepasuolinitongchuanggongzhen。zheixiewanglingshuomingshenme?youdaifenxi。

shenzhihuozhederenyeyisiwangxingxiangchuxianzaitademengzhong。tuchudelizishitadeqizizhuliye·maxina。zuoweishijiedianyingshishangzuiyouxiudenvyanyuanzhiyi,zhuliyechengjiulezuizaodefeilini:《dalu》he《kabiliyazhiye》ruguomeiyouzhuliyedebiaoyanshinanyixiangxiangde。tamenliangwuluncongwaibiaohaishixingqingdoushijiweipipeideyiduier,jinguangangrenshideshihou,zhuliyeshiluomadaxuedegaocaisheng,feilinibuguoshichuangdangshoudoudexiaozhenwenyiqingnian。raner,shenxianjuanlvyenanyipuxieaiqingshenhua,zai《mengshu》zhong,shejidaohenduoyoumingyouxingdenvxing,dayueyouyigehougongneimeduoba——tamendewaixingdoushiganghaoyuzhuliyexiangfande。houlaifeiliniyongyibu《zhuliyehejingling》jinxinglehejie(toujiang),dianyinglidezhuliyelikailechuguidezhangfu,xianshizhongdezhuliyeliuzailefeilinishenbian,yizhidaofeilinizaitamenjinhunjinianrihouyitianqushi。bujiuzhihou,zhuliyeyesashourenhuan。

zhuliyejingchangchuxianzaifeilinidemengli,youshihoushibinlinsiwangdeyangzi,chuanzhekexiaodexiunvdeyifu。yuzhilianjiedejieshishiyizhongneijiugandekonghuang——feilinigenbenbunengmeiyouta,feichanghaipashiquta:“wokuzhebaozhuzhuliye,wenta,kenqingyishangdizhimingbaoyouta,qingtakuanshuwozuoguodecuoshi,woconglaidoubuzhidaotaduiwoshirucizhizhengui,wuketidai……”

gedesuoyan,“yonghengdenvxing,yinlingwomenfeisheng”——duiyufeilinilaishuo,zheigenvxingzhinengshizhuliye。

《周易》

yabo88登录 《zhuliyehejingling》zhongtonglingshudechangmianshiqueyouqishide,feiliniduiweizhideshenmiyizhidouhenganxingqu。duiyuzhongguoguanzhonglaishuo,kenengnanyixiangxiang,feiliniduiyu《zhouyi》deshulianshiyongyaoyuanchaojuedaduoshuguoren。kaolvdaoronggexinlixueyudongfangzhexue、zangchuanfojiaozhijiandejinmiguanxi,zheiyebunanlijie。ronggejiushi《zhouyi》deyongdun。tongguo《mengshu》,womenkeyizhidao《zhouyi》duiyufeilinidezhongyaoxing,zaitadeyishengzhong,yourenhezhongyaodeshiqingtashouxianjiushisuangua——baokuoyixiezhongyaodianyingdepaishejueding。erqiedaduoshushihoudoushizhunde。dangranwomenyekeyituice《zhouyi》deyidaliyuyiwenshizhunquede。womenshenzhikeyishuo,shi《zhouyi》bangtajuedinglehenduodianyingshishangzuiweidadedianyingzhidansheng。yingdangshuo,xifangrenduiyufeilinidezheigeaihaohuoxiguanshinanyijieshoude,shiguinadao“guaililuanshen”zhiliede,danwomenfanerkeyizirandijieshouzheiyidian,yinweiwomentianshengjiuhuijieshou“dao”erbuqushitujieshita,ronggejiangcijieshiwei“gongshixing”,ji“zaiyiqi”hezaiqiadangdeshihouyiqichuxian。danwomenbingbujiandenengxiaohuafeilinidejiezuo——youqishidangwomenyuelaiyueshaojiechudaozhenzhengdedianyingyishukenengdailaidezhenhandeshihou——zheiwuguan“jingdianqumei”,yinweidangwomenconglaimeiyouchiguotangdeshihou,shiwufazhidaoshenmeshitiande。

yabo88登录 shuodaodi,《mengshu》jiujingshiyibenshenmeshu?huoxutashenmeyebushi,dantashidakaifeilinidianyingdeyigetongdao。meiyoukanguofeilinidengyumeikanguodianying,yinwei,yongdawei·linqidehualaishuo,feiliniduidianyingrucizhongyao,shenzhi“zhongyao”zheigecidougenbenbuzuyixingrong。