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她用“碎片”为女性的深层体验找到一种表达
来源:北京青年报 | 陈英  2020年10月23日09:16
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“碎片”像沉渣泛起

feilantedefangtanji《suipian》yuanbiaotishi“la frantumaglia”,zheishiyigezairenhecidianlidouzhaobudaodeci。tashiyigefangyancihui,shizuozhedemuqinchangshuode,jieshiyizhongnvxingde、yinmide、nanyandetiyan。zheigecizaifeilantezheilichengleyizhongyabo88dengluzhucetiyan,jiushibanaozilibuduanfuxiandedongxichengxianchulai。yinweiwomentounaolidesuipianhuojifen,bansuizheyigegeniantoushanxian,womenyoushixiangbuqilaitamenlaizinali,dantamenhuizainaozilixingchengyixieshengyin,youshihuirangrennanguo。duiyufeilantelaishuo,yabo88dengluzhucejiushizhuazhuzheixieshengyindeguocheng。

womuqinliujiwoyigefangyancihui,jiushidangyigerenzaoshougezhongmaodunzhemoshi,tashuotaneixinyouyituan“suipian”,zheixiesuipianzhemozheta,zaitaneixindonglaxiche,rangtatouyun,zuilifaku。zheishiyizhonghennanshuochukoudeku,gezhonggeyangdeshiqingjiaohezaiyiqi,xiangshipiaofuzainaozishangdecanzha。“suipian”huirangrenzuochuyixiemomingqimiaodeshi,huiyinqinanyimingzhuangdetongku。dangwomuqinbuzainianqing,zheixiechenzha“suipian”huirangtazaiyelixinglai,rangtazishuozihua,yourangtagandaoxiukui,huirangtabuyouzizhuhengchangqixiaoquer,danhenkuaihuibianchengyishengtanxi,yehuirangtahuranlikaijia,yebuguanhuoshangdebanmianjiangshaohuzaiguodishang。youshihouzheixie“suipian”huirangtakuqi……

zai“neibulesisibuqu”zhong,womenkeyikandaoliangweineibulesinvxingtongnianshenghuodedifang、tamendejiatingchengyuan、xuexiaodetongxue、xuexidejinbuhuotuibu、wenrouhuoqifendehua,haiyouyixiehenjinzhangjiaolvdeshike、tamenzaoshoudequrudengdeng。danduiyufeilantelaishuo,zheizhongbaiganjiaoji、neixinfenluandezhuangtaidoushuyunvxing,shiguoquyabo88dengluzhonghenshaodedaochengxiandedongxi;tayong“frantumaglia”(suipian)zheigeci,shixiangjinvxingdeshencengtiyanzhaodaoyizhongbiaoda。zheizhongyuyanhuoshengyinhenmosheng,danyezuinengjiqigongming,feilantedeyabo88dengluzhuce,jiushiweimeiyoudedaochengxiandenvxingqingganzaiyabo88dengluzhongzhaodaobiaodadechukou。biru,zaichuantongwanmeidemuxingxushizhizhong,tawajuedaoyizhongrangrenbuan、danyouhenzhenshidedongxi,rangmuqinshuochu“zheihaizizhenchou!”zheiyangdehua;nverduimuqindeailiyeshentouzhejiduheyoulv。feilantedexinxiaoshuo《chengnianrendehuangyanshenghuo》kaishi,jiushijiyuzheizhongqingganxiechulaide,danhoulaigushihuibaduzheyinxianggengkuanguangdeshijie。feilantezhiqiancengjingyongguo“jiexianxiaoshi”(smarginatura)zheizhongbiaoda,yeshileisidechangshi。yinweixiancundeyuyan、xushiyijingwufabiaodatayaojiangshudeshiqing,tashouxiantongguoyuyanhandongjidingdezhixu。

费兰特的“作坊”

cong1991niankaishi,feilantejianchibuchuxian,daoxianzaiyijingguoquchabuduo30nianle,weilebimianrenmenliqidecaice,yeweilemanzuduzhezhengchangdehaoqixin,caiyoule《suipian》zheibenshu。qishizheibenshushizhujianxingchengde,1991niandao2003nianshidiyigejieduan,takaishifabiaozuopin《fanrendeai》he《beiyiqiderizi》,tashituhebianjigoutong,heduzhejiaoliu,rangrenzunzhongtadexuanze:yaotachumiandehua,taningkebuchubanneixieshu。zheishita1991nianjibianjidexin,yeshizhengge“yinshen”shijiandekaishi:

yabo88登录 wobudasuanwei《fanrendeai》zuorenhexuanchuan,yebuxiangcanyurenhegongzhonghuodong。woweizheibuzhangpianxiaoshuoyijingzuodegouduole:wobataxielechulai,ruguozheibenshuyoujiazhi,neijiugoule。jiarujianglaiyourenyaoqingwocanjiayantaohuihebianlunhui,wobuhuiqucanjia;jishibanjiangjiwo,woyebuhuiqulingjiang。woyongyuandoubuhuiqutuiguangwodeshu,youqishizaidianshishang,buguanshizaiyidalihaishizaiguowai,wozhixiangtongguowenziheduzhejiaoliu。wozhidaozheihuijichubanshedailaiyixiekunnan,wocongyikaishijiuhenxihuannimen,wobuxiwangjinimenzengtianrenhemafan。ruguonimenwufazhichiwodejueding,qingmashanggaosuwo,wolijienimen,woyebushifeiyaochubanzheibenshu。

bianjidayingletadeqingqiu,ziranyechengletayuduzhezhijiande“zhongjie”,congerbalaiwangdewentihedafushoujicundang,wei《suipian》dechubanmaixialefubi。

2003niandao2007nianshidiergejieduan,xiaoshuo《anchudenver》chubanzhihou,feilantehejizhe、duzhedeyixiejiaoliuyeshoululejinlai。feilanteyonghenzhangdepianfushuomingletadexiaoshuodanshengdebeijing,haiyoutatongkudeyabo88dengluzhuceguocheng。yabo88dengluzhuceduiyutalaishuobushiliaoshang,ershizaishangkoushangsayan。2011niandao2016nianshi“neibulesisibuqu”chubanzhihoudefangtanheshuxin,youhenduoshijiegedidejizhejiarujinlai,wenlehenduoduzhehaoqi、xiangyaozhidaodeshi。《suipian》zuihouhuijuchengyiben20duowanzideshu,qishiyeshiyigeyabo88dengluzai20jinianlidemanzhanggushi。duzheyekeyikandaofeilantedeshenghuozhuangtai:“wozuoyanjiu、fanyi、jiaoshu。yabo88dengluzhuceduiyuwolaishuobushigongzuo,yanjiu、fanyihejiaoshuyeyiyang,zheishiwodecunzaifangshi,shiwodeyingsheng。”

feilanteweizijichuangzaoleyigemeirendaraode“zuofang”,yigeyinmidejiaoluo,tabuyongzaigongzhongmianqianbiaoxianzijizuihaodeyimian,dazaoyigemeihao“renshe”,manzudajiadeqiwang,zheiwuyirangtadeyabo88dengluzhucegengjiaziyou,gengziqia。

阅读和女性叙事

feilantedexiaoshuozirandanshengyuqitayabo88dengluwenben,zaihuidajizhehuoduzhetiwenshi,taconglaidoubuhuizuochuyizhongyongchangde、fuyandedafu,ershibuduanyourangrenjingxingdejuzi。《suipian》yeshiyigerendeyuedushi,rangwomenkandaoxifangshijiedeshenhuachuanshuo、jingdianmingzhuduitadeyingxiang,zuituchudeshinvxingzhuyisichaoduitadeqifa。womenzai《suipian》likeyizhaodaobijiaowanzhengdenvxingzhuyisixiangjiaheyabo88dengludemingdan,feilanteyeyoutidaoyidalinvxingyabo88dengluzhucedechuantonghexianzhuang。feilanteheyidalizuizhongyaodenvxingzhuyizhexuejiamulaluo(luisa muraro)dejiaoliu,gengshirangrenjuedeqifengduishou。biruzheizeduihua,meiyouzhiwuzhici,feilantedetaiduhenmingque:

tailanihemulaluo:ledaduinina(《anchudenver》zhongderenwu)shuo,congtanianqingshikaishi,yizhidaoneishihou:“shijiebingmeiyoubianhao,ershiduinvrenyuelaiyuebuyouhao。”ninxiangshuomingshenmewentini?

feilante:wojuede,nvxingduipingdengdesuqiushiwomenyaohenanxingjinxingjingzheng,yeshinvxingzhijianjingzhengjilie。zheishinanrenhenvrenguanxiehua,yeshinvxingzhijiandeguanxibiandecanku。zaixingtongxushedenannvpingdengqiantixia,xingbiechayikenenghuirangwomenhuidaozhiqiandeshenfenhejiaose。womendaizhejiaoxingbazhiqianneixieshenfendoumoqule,huozhongxinbaozhuangleyixia。zongzhi,woxiangshuonanquanbizhiqiangengzhanshangfengle,zheirangwohenfennu。tamenjinjinkongzhizhezheigeshijie,yiyoujihuitamenjiuhuibizhiqiangengxiaozhangbadao,rangnvrenbianchengxishengpin。wojuede,womenchuyuyichangjiannandezhanzhengzhong,womenmeitiandouyoukenenghuishiquyiqie,baokuoyongyujiangshushishideyufa。

yabo88登录 feilanteduiyuxiaoshuochuangzuoyeyoumingquedetaidu,xiaoshuozuizhuyaoderenwuhaishi“jianggushi”,yuyandegezhongchangshiyebunengrangxiaoshuopianlibenyi。yidalixiaoshuo“jianggushi”dechuantongbijiaoweiruo,xiaoshuojiabudebutongguoyizhongzhuojuedenuli,dadaoyizhongyabo88dengluzhucede“zhenshixing”。tayeqingchushenmeshizaogaodexushi,xiaoshuobushifeixugouyabo88dengluzhuce,bunenglunweimeitisuzaodekebanyinxiangdejihe,yebushiweilebiaodayigezhengdangdezitai,yixiangrenleixuehuoshehuixueyanjiudechengguo,bushiqujiangjintiandeneibulesishishenmeyangzi、xianzaidenianqingrenshishenmeyangzide、nvxingbianchengleshenme、jiatingdeweiji,haiyouyidaliyoushenmeyangdewentideng,xiaoshuoyaochengxianzuozheduyiwuerdeshijiao。

《suipian》shifeilante20duonianlishuxinhefangtandehuiji,suiranyouxielingsan,quejizhongzaizuopinhezuopinbeihoudegushishang,feilantedemianmuhe“ziwo”bingmeiyoudedaochengxian,womenyiranzhinengchumodaoyigeyabo88dengludesixiang,yigenvrenduiyizuochengshideqinggan,duimuqinjiazazhepaichihechouhendeai,duishijiejiezhi、lvexianjianyingdedafu。lieqiderenbuhuiyourenhedemanzugan,yinweifeilanteyiranzangshenyuxiaoshuoheneixierenwudebeihou。

(编者注:本文作者为费兰特“那不勒斯四部曲”与《碎片》的译者)