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王春林评张忌《南货店》
来源:《长城》 | 王春林  2020年10月23日10:04
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mianduizhangjidezhangpianxiaoshuo《nanhuodian》(zhongxinchubanjituan2020nian7yueban),shouxianyinqiwomensikaode,shilianggefangmiandewenti。qiyi,hewei“nanhuodian”?suowei“nanhuo”,zhuanzhizhangjiangyinanshengchandeshipin。gumingsiyi,jiranyou“nanhuo”,yejiuhuiyou“beihuo”yuzhixiangduiying。yinanhuoweizhuyaojingyingduixiangdeshangpu,yejiushisuoweide“nanhuodian”。shuodaonanhuodian,youliangdianburonghushi。yigeshi,tadechuxian,yuzhongguonanfangjinxiandaiyilairijianfanmaodegongshangyehuodongjinmixiangguan。birushanghai,nanhuodiandezuizaochuxian,jiushizaiwanqingshiqi,qifanrongdingshengjieduan,dangweiqingmoyijiminguonianjian。zaiyigeshi,suiranyinanhuodejingyingweizhu,danzaishijideyunyingguochengzhong,yewangwanghuibabeihuonarudaoqizhong。yinci,mingweinanhuodian,shijishangqueshiyizhongyuputongminzhongderichangshengjijinmixiangguanderiyongzahuodian。dangran,daolezhangjixiaoshuosuojizhongguanzhude1970niandaimoqidao1990niandaichuqizheiyangyigezhangdaershiduoniandelishishiduan,youyuguojiashehuitizhifashenggenbenbianhua,yuanbenyizhichuyusiyingzhuangtaidenanhuodianzaoyijingtongguogongsiheyingdefangshi,beinarudaolezhengfusuozhudaodegongxiaoshexitongzhizhong。duici,xushuzhejiezhuyuqiulingongzuodiaodongzhijizuochuguoxiangyingdejieshao:“huangbugongxiaosheshuyuqujigongxiaoshe,gongxiaoshefensiji,zuidingshangdeshixiangongxiaoshe,xiamianshiqu,quxiamianshizhenxiang,zaixiamianjiushinantingnanhuodianzheiyangdehezuoshangdian。”yinweinantingnanhuodianyijingbansuizheguojiashehuitizhidegaibianerbeinarudaolezhengfuzhudaodegongxiaoshexitongzhizhong,suoyicaihuiyouqiulingaozhongbiyehoubeiporuzhinantingnanhuodianzheiyangdeshijianfasheng。

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gengjinyibushuo,zuoweiyibuyiyutoushibiaoxianzhongguonanfangchengzhenputongminzhongrichangshenghuodezhangpianxiaoshuo,zhangjizhisuoyiyaobayijiananhuodian,yijiyinanhuodianweijichudegongxiaoshexitongzuoweijutidejujiaoduixiang,zhuyaoyinweiyishoumairizayongpinweizhuyaogongnengdenanhuodian(kuoerdazhi,yejiushigongxiaoshe),yuputongminzhongchongmanyanhuoqiderichangshenghuoguanxizuiweijinmi。weilebaputongminzhongrichangshenghuodeyanhuoqibiaoxianchulai,zhangjizaigezhongqiwuyijishoumaiqiwu(huoyueshengyijing)demiaoxiechengshishangxialezugoudadegongfu。biru,nanhuodianzhongyiduanmiaoxiewushifubaotangzhidejingcaiwenzi:“birumaibaishatang,pingrizhibaoyicengxizhi,yicengcuzhi,xianzaihuiduobaoshangyicengcuzhi。cuzhiyongduoyongshao,buhuishangzhang,duobaoshangyiceng,jiuduozengleyifenbaishatangdejinxiang。zheiyangzuo,yibandoubuhuiyourentichuyiyi。yourentile,wushifuyehuigenduifangjieshi,zheicilaidetangtebiexi。maitangyaotangpiao,tangpiaozhengui,baodebuzixi,loulekexi。duobaocengzhi,laokaoxie。zheiyangyijiang,duifangyejiumeiduodexianhuale。”zaibirudajiu:“dajiurenlaile,wushifuyeyoubanfa。dajiubulunjin,lunti。jiutixingrudashuitong,chuizhiyouyizhangbing。pingrilidajiu,mashifuzongdingzhu,jiutiyaoqingqingluo,qingqingti。xianzai,wushifudangjia,pengdaoneixingde,yijiuqingqingluo,qingqingti,pengdaobuneixingde,jiutishenjinjiuchengli,shoushangjiuhuiyongxielidao,jiakuaiqiluosudu。zheiyang,jiuchenglidejiujiuhuiqipaomo,chenzhepaomoweisan,xunsuyaoqilai,daojinkehudejiuping。paomoyanzailaojiushang,jiujiukeyishaoxie,jianxiejinliang。”kansizhishinanhuodianrichanggongzuozhuangtaideyizhongmiaoxie,danxixipinlai,gewaiyiweishenzhang,yinggaibeikanzuoshiduiyizhongqiwumeixuedechongfentixian。guanyuqiwumeixue,wocengjingzaiyipianguanyuwanganyizhangpianxiaoshuo《tianxiang》depipingwenzhangzhongyousuolunshu:“zai《tianxiang》zhong,qiwumiaoxieyurenwumiaoxiezhijiangouchengleyizhongpingfenqiusededuidengguanxi。shouxianshiduiyuqiwushijieyizhongxingzhibobodetanlun。……congzheiyangdeyizhongtanlunzhong,womenyinggaiduoshaonenggouchumodaoyixiewanganyizhisuoyiyaozhizhuyuqiwumiaoxiedeshencengciyuanyou。……zaiwanganyikanlai,xianshishijieshangcunzaiderenheyijianshiwu,douyouqicunzaidedaoli,youqixiangyingdewuxing,youqishiyongdejiazhi。youqizhidezhuyide,shiwanganyiduiyuqiwusancengcijiazhidelidingheshuli:‘jinyongyushengjirichang,yuanyongyutaoyejiaohua,zhiyuanzeyongyudao。’suowei‘shengjirichang’,naishiqiwuzuidiyigecengcidejiazhi,shuyuneizhongyurichangshenghuoxixixiangguandekeyimodezhekandejiandejiazhi。jiexialaishi‘taoyejiaohua’,zheiyidiandetichu,henxianranyuzhongguochuantongwenhuadeqiangdayingxiangyouguan,daolezheigecengci,wanganyisuoqiangdiaodewuyongzhongxinjiuyoukejiandewuzhicengmianshangshengdaolejingshenjiangoudecengmian。zuihou,dangwanganyiyiliqiangdiaoqiwukeyi‘yongyudao’deshihou,tashishishangyejiubaduiyuwuxingdesikaogengjinyibuditishengdaolezhexuedecengmian。……zhiyouzairenzhendiduguowanganyi《tianxiang》zhongzheiyiduantanlunqiwuxingzhidewenzizhihou,womencainenggoumingbai,shijishang,zheizhongwudaozhuyi,yeyigouchenglewanganyiyizhongtebiezhongyaodejingshendise。yanzhewudaozhuyifangxiangjinruwanganyixiaoshuoshijie,jianghuishiwomenduiyuwanganyidexiaoshuochuangzuochanshengyizhongxindelijieyuganwu。”②zhengrutongwanganyizai《tianxiang》zhongbujinzhuzhongyuqiwudemiaoxie,erqiezongshijiezhuyuqiwudemiaoxieerxierenyiyang,zhangjizai《nanhuodian》zhongyejiezhuyuqiwuyushoumaiqiwudemiaoxie(yejisuowei“wuli”)qiaomiaojieshizherenqing。biru,wushifuzhisuoyiyaoshafeikuxindizaishoumaiqiwushijinjinjijiao,xiangfangshefadi“quejinduanliang”,yuqiulincanjiagongzuoyigeyuehoudianneipancunshiyiwaichuxianleliangbaiyuandequekoujinmixiangguan。yinweibixuhenkuaidimibukuikong,suoyi,wushifutamencaihuixiangfangshefadibuxiweibeizhiyedaode,yeyaotongguogezhongqujinqiweideshoumaishouduanqucongshijingyinghuodong。zaijiezhuyuqiwuyijishoumaiqiwudehuodongtuxianrichangshenghuoyanhuoqidetongshi,zhangjiyezaibujingyizhijianqiaomiaodixiechule“wenge”jieshuchuqizhongguoshehuiyizhongpubiandewuzhikuifayujingjifalidezhuangtai。

注释:

yabo88登录 ①zhangji、yizhou《zaiwuchabiedeshixiangzhongtixuzhongshengzhiqianzibaitai》,jian《nanhuodian》,zhongxinchubanjituan2020nian7yueban。

yabo88登录 ②wangchunlin《guigechuanqi,fengqingzhangjuan》,zai《wenyizhengming》2011niandi12qi。