yabo88登录

yabo88登录注册协会主管

黍离之悲 黍离之美 如何才能读懂叶嘉莹
来源:北京青年报 | 陈辉  2020年10月23日09:20
关键词:

彼黍离离,彼稷之苗。

行迈靡靡,中心摇摇。

知我者,谓我心忧;

不知我者,谓我何求。

悠悠苍天,此何人哉?

dang《jushuiyuezaishou》zhong,《shuli》deyinyongshengxiangqishi,cangtian、huangyuan、laoren、feichengpinchengyifubeiliangdehuajuan,cuirenleixia。keyihandeshi,taiduoguanzhongshenzhimeizhuyidao,zheikenengshiquanpiandeyigegaochao。

zaiwangluoshijie,youyingpingrenkupingdao《henyihan,zheibujilupianmeiyouxiehaoyejiayingzhenzhengdejiazhiheyiyi》,yinwei《jushuiyuezaishou》duiyejiayingdeshengpingweizuoxizhidegouchen,duitadeshixuelilunyemeishenrufenxi,gengmeijiangqingweishenmeyejiayingdedaoruciduoderenxiai……

yanwaizhiyi,buhuidazheixie“weishenme”,jiushiqule“jiazhiheyiyi”。kewentishi:“weishenme”zhinengmanzuhaoqi、jingyidexiaofeixuyao,tayushiyihegan?

yabo88登录 zhangzhezenyangdeyanjing,jiuhuikandaozenyangdeshijie。congzheigeyiyishangshuo,《jushuiyuezaishou》yourushijinshi。

撞上了难以突破的硬壳

yabo88登录 duiyuyejiayingdeshixue,yizhiyouzhengyi。tadezhuzuoyipuchen、jiangjieweizhu,xuelibuduo,gengjiejinchuantongdedianpingshishilun,hennanshuochaoyuele《tiaoxiyuyincihua》《yigai》《renjiancihua》dengjingdianzhuzuo。

zheizhongshilunyoulianggeyinhuan:

qiyi,zhubishizhang。yichengbeijingzhishideduiqi。

qier,liujingzhuwo。yiganshouweizhu,zhiyouzaijinsidejingyanzhongcainengchanshenggongming,danzheige“jinsi”,huibuhuishiwuhuidechanwu?

yabo88登录 dangdaiduzhegengxiguancongduanluodayi、zhongxinsixiangqieru,jiangzuopinfencheng“neirong”yu“xiefa”lianggebufen,fenbietaolun。maosi“kexue”,quechangbianchengzhitan“neirong”、butan“xiefa”,yinwei“xiefa”shiwei“neirong”fuwude,wuzhutixing。zaizheizhongrenshixia,duzhedui“xiefa”demingandudadaxiajiang,jianciduoluodaozhineng“jinju”decengmian。

yabo88登录 xianran,yejiayingdeshixueyudangdaidazhonglijiedeshixue,laiziliangtaobutongdehuayutixi。

yabo88登录 qianzhelaizichuantongwenhua,qiangdiao“xinzeling”。xianxuehuixie,yuchuangzuozhexingchenggongtongjingyan,zaitanxinshang。

yabo88登录 houzhelaizixiandaikexue,qiangdiao“yiweixian”。duzhewuxuhuixieshi,zhixuduodu,tongguoduibibutongyabo88dengludechuangzuotese,xingchengshenmeijingyan。

xiandaishilungengguanzhu“weishenmezheishoushishimingshi”,ke“mingshi”youduozhongyuanyin,“xiedehao”zhishiqiyi。jiazuoerwumingzhe,bibijieshi。zeketangzhongsuoshou,jiechengtulongzhishu。gengkepadeshi,xuduoduzheziyiwei“dudong”le,quezhinengbazuopinfenxidetoutoushidao,wufayuzhigongqing。erzhei,zhengshi《jushuiyuezaishou》nanyitupodeyingqiao。

yabo88登录 wanquannenglijie《henyihan,zheibujilupianmeiyouxiehaoyejiayingzhenzhengdejiazhiheyiyi》dengwendezuozhemendeganshou。zaijilupianzhong,tamenzhikandaoyiweilaoren、yixiekongjing、jiduanyinyong、duigerenjinglidepingdanjieshao,wufamanzutamendebaguaxin。

buzhidao“zenmexieshi”,xiandairengengyuanjianggaoxiao、lieqi、leidiandangchengshenmei,tamenkanbuchuyejiayingdeshihaozainali,tadeshilunyouhebutong。zai《jushuiyuezaishou》mianqian,tamengandaomangran,bingyinzheifenmangran,shengchutuota、kuzao、buzhisuoyundeganshou。

yabo88登录 zheitixianchu,zaidangxiadeyuwenjiaoxuezhong,cunyouduanban。

biru《gushishijiushou》《shuli》deng,chuhubanjiaocaicengshou《shuli》wai,xuduoyushengmingganshouxiangguandegushibeipaichizaiwai。

yabo88登录 qici,juedaduoshuyuwenjiaoshibuhuixieshi,shijiaobenweichengjiuren,quechengle“beijingjieshao+chuanjiang”。xueshengzhiyaohuibei“zhongxinsixiang”,jiusuan“dudong”le。jishipiandaobayayunshiweimei,jiangdushibianchengzhuiqiuergeshilanglangshangkoudekuaigan,yiwurenjiuzheng。womenzhengzaiyongjiaosanwendefangfalaituijinshijiao,paihuaizaihanyudesanyuanze——bupingzeming、wenyizaidao、wencongzishunzhongwufaziba,zheiyuchuanchengleliangqianduoniandeshijiaochuantongxiangguaili。

“黍离之悲”为何能传承千年

duiyushijiao,kongzizaoyijiedingneihan,ji:“ruqiguo,qijiaokezhiye。qiweirenyewenroudunhou,shijiaoye。”kongzirenwei,shidezuoyongzai“xingguanqunyuan”,yincijianlile“yuanerbunu,aierbushang”demeixueyuanze。

huanyanzhi,xieshibuwanquanweichuandagerenganshou,bushiganqingfengpei、kangkaijiangjihao,shidemudeshiziwoxiulian,chengjiujunzizhide,jinerqijia、zhiguo、pingtianxia。mingbailezheixie,cainengzhenzhengdudong《shuli》,cainengmingbaiweishenme“shulizhibei”nengyanxuqiannian。

yabo88登录 《shuli》dewencibunandong。

《shijing》zhonggong10pian《wangfeng》,doushixiezaiquanronggongjixia,zhouchaowangchengdongqianhenanluoyanghoudeshuaiweizhimao。zhouchaodafuguocengjingdeguodouhaojing(jinshushanxishengxianshi),jianxirizongmiao、gongshiyibianzhongheshu,shengwangguozhitong,suiyou《shuli》。

《shuli》shuqingfangshibuyidong。

gandaodetongkuyueda,liuxiadeleijiuyueduo,fachudeaishengjiuyuexiang。《shuli》quefanqidaoerxingzhi,yueshitong,jiuyueyaoyouyadishuo,jiuyuebukenduoluoweibaoyuan。zuozhecongjingserushou,yinjingdongqing,quebuzuopuchen,turanhuiguiyuzhexuedejibenwenti——woshishei?(duiyu《shuli》dejieshi,lidaishuofazhongduo,benwenqingxiangyu“ciherenzai”shiziwen,yeyouxuduoxuezherenweishizaizewenzhouyouwang)

zaizhongguochuantongwenhuazhong,feichentongzhiji,ziwoyubeijingzongshiheyide。huanyanzhi,“woshishei”benshenbianshihanxuezhiwen,beihoushisixinliefeizhitong。zhengruguercaihuizhuiwenfumushishei,erduiputonghaizilaishuo,zheigenbenjiubushiyigewenti。

gurenzaojiuyishidao,《shuli》deyoumeibulaiziwenci,suowei“chunyiyisheng,qichentongchubudangyuwenciqiuzhi”。tademeilaizi“chuangshentongju”hou,neifenkezhiyuyinren。zheizhong“aierbushang”,zaiyuxin、dufu、liyu、sushi、jiangkui、luyoudengshouzhong,chuanchengbushuai。

太多人接不住这份“沉重的选择”

《jushuiyuezaishou》yinru《shuli》,yuanyinyouer:

qiyi,yuyejiayingxianshenggerenzaoyuxiangguan。

2003nian8yue,chuimuzhiniandeyejiayingxianshengshiquleguyuan,tayushirenximurongjieban,laidaocengjingdeyuanxiangyeheshuipanxungen(yejiabenxingyehenalan,xianshichuzimenggutumotebu)。rujindeyeheshuiwanyanliuguoneimenggueergunadiqu,shuibianyouqiuling,dangdirenchengweiheishantou,shangyouguchengyizhi,jincunlingzhuanduanwa,shichengjisihancifengqidihesaerzhidi。

qier,zheiyeshibainianlaizhonghuaminzudezaoyu。

yabo88登录 gengdadeshijiaokan,jidaizhongguorenqishidouzouzaihuijiadelushang,yinchuantongxiaoshi,womenshengandaokunhuo:womenshishei?womenlaizihefang?womenyuzuxiandexuemailianxizainali?

yabo88登录 zhengshizai《shuli》dejiuchanxia,yejiayingxianshengdexuanzecaixiandenannengkegui:suoweizhongguoxing,yuanyuwenhuajiangshan,ruguomeiyoulibai、dufu,meiyou“jianjiacangcang,bailuweishuang”,meiyoujianwuqixingdenengli,womenhaiyoushenmequanlishuozijishizhongguoren?womenyouruhehuodeshenfenrentong?“yiqiejingyu,jieqingyuye。”zhiyouluoyebutongdeshengyin,zhiyouhuanhuadefuyun,zhiyoudiaoxiangshangliuzhuandeyinying,caishijingshenjiayuan,cainenganweishengerweiren,wufajujuedeneifenchentongyubeiliang。

yabo88登录 yihandeshi,《jushuiyuezaishou》jiangzheifen“chenzhongdexuanze”jiaojileguanzhong,queshaoyourennengjiezhu。yinweiwomenbingmeishenghuozaizijilishideyanzhangxianshang,yitihuibuchu“yidaitongdiao”deneifenbeiliang,shenzhiguguoyebianchengleyibang——zuoweihoudai,dangwomenshenshichuantongshi,youshihaiburuyiguorenneimeminrui,neimechongmanjingyi。

总有人愿与历史合辙押韵

yabo88登录 zhigenmaisuozai,quewufajiexu,yinweizaiguoquyudangxiazhijian,henggenzhexiandaixing。

yabo88登录 suoweixiandaixing,zhiqimengshidaiyilaidexindeshijietixishengchengdeshidai。taxiangyizuojudadefensuiji,jianggeminzudewenhuayuchuantongchedisisui,zuzhuangchengzijixiangyaodemoyang。zhengshizaixiandaixingdechongjixia,chuxianle“gujinzhibian”。“sanqiannianweiyuzhidabianju”jiangchuantongbirusijiao——zaiwangguomiezhongdeyalixia,ruguochuantongshiyongbaoxiandaixingdezuli,tahuogaibeigediao。

yabo88登录 zaixiandaixingdegeshihuaxia,jindaiyilai,zhongguoderengeyangbangaodudandiao,er“caiyuanpei—gusui—yejiaying”yimaibeihushi,jiyishouchengtuogudian,yishouzunfengxiandai,tamendejingshenshichuantongde,renshengxuanzequeshixiandaide。suoyitamentebiecongrong,jizunfengchuantong,youbushenhuachuantong。

yejiayingxianshengpiaoboyisheng,lvzaobiangu,tebieshiwanniansangnv,quebaochile“aierbushang”defengdu,tixianchushijiaodeliliang。yejiayingxianshengchengjiuleshijiao,shijiaoyechengjiuleyejiayingxiansheng。

zuoweichuanjipian,《jushuiyuezaishou》chengxiandeshijingshenshangdeyuanqi,erfeigerenyinsidezhanshi、xijiedecuilei、qingjiedeliqideng,tabushizongyijiemu、shijingxiaobao,buzhuiqiu“jianggushi”,ershiyongrengeshuohua。zhengruyejiayingxianshengdeshi,kansipingchang,quejujushizai,doulaizishengmingdezhenganwu。buweibierenpaianzantanerxie,zhiweichengjiujunzizhidao。zhishirujinyishaoyourenyuanchengjunzi,yibuzhichengjunzizhinan。

yabo88登录 xuanzegaoguishiyisheng,xuanzepingyongyeshiyisheng,haozai,zonghuiyouyixierensheng,yuanyulishihezheyayun。《jushuiyuezaishou》shuyuxihuantaderen,yinweitagaosusuoyougududebashezhe,chuantongrengzaidengdai,tazhonghuiguilai。