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马蒂斯诞辰150周年:蓬皮杜呈现特展“如一本小说”
来源:澎湃新闻 | 钱雪儿 编译  2020年10月22日15:13
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10月21日,法国巴黎蓬皮杜中心迎来展览“马蒂斯:如一本小说”,作为对这位伟大的艺术家诞辰150周年的纪念。展览聚集其创作的230余件不同媒介的作品,并以文字和图像的关系作为主要线索,在呈现其绘画作品的同时,让人看到yabo88登录给他带来的慰藉与灵感。亨利·马蒂斯(Henri Matisse,1869—1954)是野兽派创始人和主要代表人物,对现代艺术影响巨大。

hengli·madisi(henri matisse,1869—1954)

yabo88登录 zhanlanmingcheng“madisi:ruyibenxiaoshuo”(matisse, like a novel)laiyuanyufaguoshirenluyi·alagong(louis aragon)de《hengli·madisi,luoma》(henri matisse, roman,1971)yishu,zheibensuoweide“xiaoshuo”shizegengxiangshiyibushirenyumadisimantandehuiyilu。alagongshiyumadisixiangshidewenrenzhiyi,tadewenzijiangchuxianzaizhanlandekaitouhejiewei,zhanlanzegenjushijianshunxubeifenweijiugezhangjie。meigezhangjiedoujiangyiyiweicengzhiliyuyanjiuhelijiemadisizuopindeyabo88denglupingyuzhankai,cong20shiji10niandaideshiyan,dao20niandaihuiguijuxiang,zaidao30niandaiyihouyunyongjiantie,zheixiezhangjiebingfenbiezhuisuqi50nianyishushengyadeyigejieduan。

hengli·madisi(henri matisse,1869—1954),faguozhuminghuajia、diaosujia、banhuajia,yeshoupaichuangshirenhezhuyaodaibiaorenwu,daibiaozuoyou《haohua、ningjing、huanle》《shenghuodehuanle》《kaizhedechuanghu》《daimaodefuren》deng。tayishiyongxianming、dadandesecaierzhuming。21suishideyichangyiwai,lingmadisidehuihuareqingyifabukeshoushi,ourandejiyuanchengweitayishengdezhuanzhedian。yongtazijidehuashuo:“wohaoxiangbeizhaohuanzhe,congciyihouwobuzaizhuzaiwodeshenghuo,ertazhuzaiwo。”

《youqiezidejingwuhua》,1911

cicizhanlanshiduiyumadisidanchen150zhouniandejinian(tashengyu1869nian12yue31ri),gongzhanchu230yujianzuopin,shiguoqubanshijiyilaizuidademadisizhanlanzhiyi,nangkuoyouhua、shuicaijiantiehua、sumiao、banhuayudiaosu。cezhanrenweidierbiaoshi,zhanlanshituzhanxian“yiweizaichuangzuoshangbuduangengxinzijideyishujia”。zhanchuzuopinbaokuo《youqiezidejingwuhua》(still life with aubergines,1911)——genjuweidierdeshuofa,zheishi“madisihuihuazhuangshililiangdedingfeng”,yijitaweiwangsidemeiguijingjiaotangsuozuodecaisebolichuangsheji。

yabo88登录 duiyuyiweicezhanrenlaishuo,weihengli·madisizheiyangbeishouzunjingdeyishujiagousijinianzhankeweijudadetiaozhan。cezhanrenaoleili·weidier(aurélie verdier)defanganshiyaoqingguanzhonglai“zhongxinjiedu”zheiweiyishujia。zhanlanjiangyi“wenbenyutuxiangdejiuchan”zuoweizhongxinxiansuo,bujinjujiaoyuguanyumadisidezhuzuo,haijiangguanzhutabenrendeyabo88dengluzhuceyuchuban。weidierbiaoshi,“zaizhanlanzhong,madisicaishineigezhenzhengfuzejieshideren”。

madisisuohuizazhifengmian,1951

yabo88登录 zaiyigezhanshimadisiyabo88dengluzhucedechenliejuzhong,nenggoukandaoqi《huajiabiji》(notes of a painter,1908)deyuanshiwenxian。tongyangzhanchudehaiyoutanianjin80shizuoguochahuadeshujiheriji。ciwai,zhanlanshanghaiyoumadisiweibalizazhi《verve》suochuangzuodeyinrenzhumudefengmian,qizhongyizhangzhanxianlerubaisederenxingheyinshuazitizaipingguolvsedebeijingyudaimangjiaodexingxingzhijianqiwu;tade《jueshile》(jazz)yishuzeshengdongdijiangshuletaguanyujuyuanhemaxituandexiangfa,qizhongjiaozhizhejiantiehuayushouxiewenben。madisizai20shiji30niandaiweiyabo88denglumalamei(stéphane mallarmé)deshigejisuozuochahuayejiangzhanchu,tajiangwenbenrongrulezijidegoutudangzhong。

yabo88登录 1904nian,madisiyibodelaier《aoyou》(l’invitation au voyage)zhongdeshijuweilinggan,jiangtadeyifuzuopinmingmingwei《shehua,ningjingyuxiangshou》(luxe, calme et volupte,1904)。zheifuhualidehuazuokaiqiletacongxinyinxiangzhuyimaixiangyeshoupaibianpingdexingshiyugaobaohesecaidelvcheng。zuopinhenkuaijiubeibaoluo·xinieke(paul signac)maixia,tajiangqichengwei“yishoushi”。huajialawuer·dufei(raoul dufy)pingjiadao,“zheishiweidadeqishi;woyixiazijiulijielezheifuxinhuadejishu。”pengpidujiang《shehua,ningjingyuxiangshou》yu《youqiezidejingwuhua》he《baisehefenhongsedexiaoxiang》fangzaiyiqijinxingbijiao,qianzhebeichengwei“jiaoxiangleshineihua”,yiziseyulansedejiaozhimiaohuichuzhongzhongjiaodiedekongjian,houzhezeshiyifuzhipoerdadandelitizhuyishihuihua,miaohuilemadisidenver。

yabo88登录 daole20shiji30niandai,madisimianduichuangzuoweiji,kaishizhongxinguanzhuxiangzhengzhuyishige。pengpiducongnisijiezhanzhongyaozuopin《linzhongxiannv》(la verdure),zuopinfazhanzimadisiweimalameideshigejisuozuosumiao。huazhong,nongmushenzhengzaichaoxiannvansongqiubo,houzhekanqilaiwenshunerjingjue。zheiweixiannvshimadisidemousilidiya·delaikesaercika(lydia delectorskaya),madisicengshuotaxianglejie“zimubiao”yiyanglejietadeshenti,erzheifuzuopindegoutuzebiaodaletayuhuihuazhijianshenmideguanxi,youshihoutazhanshangfeng,youshihoutabeijikui。

yabo88登录 1940nian9yue,zaijizijidexiaoerzipiaier(pierre)deyifengxinzhong,madisixiedao,“wozhengzaidengdaishandiandejianglin,tadedaolaibukebimian。”piaierzaimeiguozuoyishupinshangren,dangshitazhengshitushuofufuqinlikaiouzhou。“ruguomeigeyoujiazhiderendoulikaifaguo,faguohaishengxiashenme?”madisihuiyingdao。bishideta70sui,ganggangjieshuleyiduanhunyin,zhengcongyichangzhongbingzhonghuifuguolai,erdangshidefaguoyijingbeinacuijunzhanling。zaijiexialaidesannianzhong,tajihumeiyoucunbubulizijiweiyufaguonanbudegongzuoshi。

zaizheiyangdekunjingzhong,madisizhuanxiangshigexunqiuweijie。zhengshizaizheixienianli,taduituxiangyuwenbenjinxingledaliangdehunheyubianpai,bingyanxifaguoyabo88dengluchuantong:congzhongshijifaguogongtingshirenaoerlianggongjue(charles d’orléans),daowenyifuxingshiqidebiaier·de·longsha(pierre de ronsard),zaidaoxiangzhengzhuyipaishirenbodelaier(charles baudelaire),shigeyushujidejingmeizhuangshijiangmadisicongchuangzaolidekujieyucuiruozhonglalechulai,bingshitaconghuihuamaixianglehongweidejianzhizuopin。

zhanlanzaizuihouzhongxinhuidaolemadisiyubodelaierdelianxishang:zaiweitade《congqiandeshenghuo》(la vie anterieure)chuangzuochahuahou,madisiwanchengletazuihoudeyifujianzhi“zihuaxiang”《guowangdebeishang》,huiyitashengmingzhongdekuaileshiguang。huangsedehuaban,mingliangdejiexian,lvsedeshinv,baisedewuzhehuanraoheisedejianying,madisihuashenchengsaoluowang(saul),zuozaifushouyishang,zaiyibashuqinzhongzhaodaoweijie。huihuayefanyingchumadisiwanniandezhuangtai,taxiedao,“wobudebujingchangwochuang……woweizijizaoleyizuoxiaohuayuan,huayuanweiraozhewo,wonengmanbuqizhong……”

zhanlan“madisi:ruyibenxiaoshuo”cong2020nian10yue21richixuzhi2021nian2yue22ri。

(本文编译自The Artnewspaper与FT网站相关报道)