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毕日生:AIyabo88登录情感是一种“人工情感”
来源:《长江文艺》 | 毕日生  2020年10月22日08:53
关键词:

我们正处在最好的时代,我们正处在最坏的时代。

——《双城记》

强大的人工智能崛起,要么是人类历史上最好的事,要么是最糟的。我们应该竭尽所能,确保其未来发展对我们和环境有利。

——斯蒂芬·霍金

 

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注释:

①“非礼”一词引自一位法国IT公司的人工智能博士署名“山水如歌”的论文《当人工智能“非礼”诗歌》(见《金融博览》2017年第9期);“侵入”一词引自刘朝谦与杨帆合写的《人工智能软体“写诗”的文艺学思考》(见《福建论坛》2020年第2期)一文。其他学者的论文中,也多使用类似的“入侵”等词。

②微软小冰创作的诗集《阳光失了玻璃窗》于2017年5月19日出版后,引发了近百位诗人、诗评家、翻译家和学者们的评论,批评之声铺天盖地,赞成者寥寥。小冰2014年诞生于中国,两岁时,以27个不同的笔名在报刊和多个网站社区展露作诗“天分”,一直未被人们识破其“机器”身份。

③国外除美国MIT的皮卡德之外,还有Sengers、Gaver、Dourish、Kristina Hook、Beaudry、Olivia、Davidson、Alvarez-Lozano、Kaveh Bakhtiyari等国外学者从不同角度展开了对“情感计算”课题的研究;许多国际知名公司IBM和British Telecom等均成立了专门情感计算研究yabo88登录。以国内研究为例,笔者于2020年8月1日,在超星发现输入“情感计算”,得到19915条检索结果;中国知网以“情感计算”为主题词检索得到2025条记录;清华大学、中国科学院、中国科学技术大学、北京航空航天大学、哈尔滨工业大学等知名高校和科研yabo88登录,在情感计算研究领域成果卓著。

④情感维度有一维、二维、三维、四维等说法;表情包括面部表情、姿态表情和语调表情三种;生理指标包括心率、血压、呼吸、脑电波、瞳孔、掌汗、皮肤电活动、皮质醇水平、事件相关电位等。

⑤仇德辉:《数理情感学:人类情感的数学逻辑》,北京:中共中央党校出版社, 2018年。他将主观情感转化为客观价值,提出“统一价值论”,试图将情感数字化,从而开启全新的情感计算研究路径。

⑥付心仪、薛程等:《基于姿态的情感计算综述》,《计算机辅助设计与图形学学报》,2020年第7期。离散分类情感模型以Ekman为代表;连续维度模型代表人物包括提出双极圆周模型的Russell和提出3D圆周模型的Plutchik,以及提出PAD(pleasure-arousal-dominance)模型的Mehrabian等人;2001年Plutchik又提出了介于离散模型和连续模型之间的成分层次情感模型。

⑦何立健、林穗、翁海瑞:《基于LSTM的图像生成诗歌模型》,《信息技术与网络安全》,2019年第4期。

⑧刘铮扬:《基于深度学习的中国诗歌自动生成算法研究》,湖南师范大学,2018年(硕士学位论文)。

⑨苏劲松:《全宋词语料库建设及其风格与情感分析的计算方法研究》,厦门大学,2007年(硕士学位论文)。