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熊亮:重新写一首中国诗歌
来源:文艺报 | 熊亮  2020年10月21日08:09
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熊亮简介:熊亮,广受认可和欢迎的中国原创绘本yabo88登录,2017年陈伯吹国际儿童yabo88登录奖得主,曾入围2018年度国际安徒生奖插画奖。多部作品被翻译并在海外获奖,是中国绘本代表作者之一。第一个在中国提出和推动绘本“纸上戏剧”概念,其绘本立意根源于中国传统文化和东方哲学,画面能轻易被孩子甚至来自不同文化背景的读者理解,极富情感表现力。

9月25日,由中华yabo88登录基金会联合平安公益基金会举办的“爱不孤读”系列活动“名家直播课”在yabo88登录注册网等平台同步上线。本次直播由原创绘本yabo88登录熊亮主讲,以“重新写一首中国诗歌”为题,探讨诗歌语言对儿童阅读和yabo88登录注册的启发性。以下内容根据直播实况整理。

 

yabo88登录 gushizaiwoxinmuzhongbingbugulao。suoyoudeshige,buguanshixiandaishihaishigushi,doushimiaomozhengzaifashengde、dangxiadeganshou,shibazheixiexinchanshengdezhenhanganchuandajiduzhedezaiti。duiwoeryan,yabo88denglujiushiyizhongganshounengli。dangniganshoudaobingqiexiangyaobaganshoubiaodachulaishi,kenengjiuxuyaoyidingdeyabo88denglunenglile。ganshoushifeichangdutehexiweide。yigerenmeitiandeganshoukenengdoushibutongde。ruguozhuiqiuzhunque,jiuxuyaosikaoruheyongjingquedeci、changshiyizuihaodezhuangtaihejinliangqiadangxinxiandezuzhifangfalaibiaoda,suoyiyabo88denglushiyizhongbuduanxiangqiantansuodexingshi。

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duyishougushicideshihou,womenkenengshouxianzhuyidaotajiangdeshishenmeyangdeziranchangjing,yijiwomenyoumeiyoujingliguozheiyangdechangjing。tongchangwohuiqingxiaopengyouxianjiuduishigedezuichuyinxianghuxiangjiaoliu,zheishizhishangshiyigehuiyibingzhongxinhuanxingdeguocheng,yixiepingshibeiwomensuohulvedeqingjingkenengzaicishibeihuiyiqilai。

《春江花月夜》的读法

《chunjianghuayueye》shitangdaishirenzhangruoxudeyishoushige。wozaijiangzheishoushideshihouhuizuoyigedadezhuomian,pushanghuisedezhuobu,shoulizhendehuinayigeyueliangmoxingyanshi。shigekeyicongjigebutongdeweidulaidu,diyigeweidushizhenshideganshouweidu。diergeweidushikongjiandeweidu,diliweidu。

haishuiyibanzaizhangchaodeshihou,liantongzhedahaidejiangshuijiuhuikaishishangzhang,zheigeshihouhaishangdemingyuezhenghaozaiyewanganggangchusheng,jiangjieshiwohuiyibianyongyuyanmiaoshuzheigeqingjing,yibianshoulijuzheyueliangmoxingshiyi。haishuizhangchaodeshihou,jiangshuiyehuigenzheshangzhang,zhuomianshangzhizuodexiaochuanhuimanmanlikaihean,suizhejiangliuwanzhuandiraodaodajiangshangmian,yanzhejianganxingzou。dangxiaochuanxingzhijiangxindeshihou,yueliangzhengshengdaodangkong,renkandaozheiyangdejingxiangjiuhuifachugezhonggankai,biru“jiangtianyisewuxianchen,renshengdaidaiwuqiongyi”。

nihuifaxiansuizheyueliangdilishangdeyidong,rendexintaiyezaifashengbianhua。congyueliangchushengshidexingfen,daoyuesejiannongyanyansuiboshidezantan,zaidaomingyuedangkongshifachuduirenshengdegankai。wanwujilai,cishikanjianyueliangdeganshoushibuyiyangde,wangwanghuishengfachuyixieguanyurenshengdesikao。zaishigezhong,zheixiebansuiyueliangshengfadexinlibianhuaqishishiwanquankejiande。

dangdudaoshiju“jiangpanherenchujianyue,jiangyuehenianchuzhaoren”shi,wohuihexiaopengyouyiqiyongzhezhizuosangexiaoren,fangzaichuanshang,yige“laochuanfu”、yige“baba”heyige“haizi”,tongguotamenzhijiandeduihualaidushi。dangdajiakanjianyueliangdeshihou,“jiangpanherenchujianyue,jiangyuehenianchuzhaoren”zheijuhuatongchangshixiaopengyouhuiwende,wozaikafeiguanlijingchangtingjianxiaopengyouhuiwenbabamama,“yeyeyoumeiyouxiaoshihoua?neinidexiaoshihoushishenmeyangde?womeichushengqianshishenmeyangde?”suoyizheigedayiwei“yueliangyoumeiyouzuichudeshihou,yueliangzuichudeshihoudiyigezhaodaodeshishei?”detiwen,shifeichangertongde,suoyiduihuazhongzheijuhuashirangchuanshangdexiaohailaishuo。

huiben《youxiaxiaomuke》neiye

“renshengdaidaiwuqiongyi,jiangyueniannianwangxiangsi”shiyizhongchengnianrencaihuiyouderenshenggankai,gankaishiguangdeliushi,suoyizheijuhuawojiaoji“baba”lainian。“buzhijiangyuedaiheren,danjianzhangjiangsongliushui”zefeichangjuyousuminglundeyiwei,suoyiwohuijiaoji“guankanjiangyueniannian”dechuanfulaishuo。jintian,womenkeyiyongzheiyangzhiguandefangshilaidushi,yongbutongdeshenfenheyudiaolaiduneixiedangnianshirenfachudeyoutongxindegankai、chengrendegankaiheduijingyudegankai,sihuhaowujuli。

jijugankaizhihou,qingjingbiancheng“baiyunyipianquyouyou”,zheigeshihounihuifaxianshigezhongsuizheyueliangdebianhua,diliweizhi、shijian、naizhirenwuqingtaihexinlidouyoubianhua。danglaochuanfushuo“danjianzhangjiangsongliushui”deshihou,xiaohaizeyouyijugengyouqudehuahuiying,shuo“yuanzhuyuehualiuzhaojun”,takenengxianggenzheyueliangdeguang,huidaomuqinshenbian。

yabo88登录 xiaohaigangshuoleyijuxiangyaogenzheyuelianghuidaojiarenshenbian,laochuanfuyoushuo,“hongyanzhangfeiguangbudu,yulongqianyueshuichengwen”。yisishihongyanzenmefeidoufeibuchuguangdechidu,yulongzenmedoutiaobuchushui,renzaishijianzhongyeshiyiyang,shibunenghuidaoguoqude。

yabo88登录 dang“baba”helaochuanfugankaishiguangliushideshihou,haizishuizhele,suoyizheilixiaopengyouhuranshuo“zuoyexiantanmengluohua”,sheishuoshijianhuibuqu,tazaizuomengdeshihoujiumengjianlekeyihuidaoyuanlaisuozaidedifang,zheishiyigeqingxudefanzhuan。

wohexiaopengyouyiqizhongduzheishoushigebingbushiwoxiangtamenjiangshuwodeganshou,ershiyijuyijuyonghuahua、zuoshapandengfangshigentamentaolun,guochengzhongbazheishoushimiaohuidefeichangxi,dangdudao“buzhichengyuejirengui”,zheishoushizaiwomenmianqianyijingbiandefeichangshengdonghehuoyuele,chanshengleshuyuzijideganshou。

yabo88登录是乐趣,无关技术

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rucishenqibuzhiyuanyushirendeshiju,haiyaoguigongyuwomendeganshouli,shizhongxinyuedudenenglishiwomenhuidaoxianchang。shigezhishiyigeqifademeijie,woyizhixiwangchuantongwenhuaduiwomenchanshengqifa,bushidaitiwomenqugankai,huoshidaitiwomenqusikao,ershiqifawomengengduodiquganshouziran,ganshoushenghuo。

yabo88登录 youciyabo88dengluduiwoeryandeyigeguanjiancishi“lequ”,wuguanhujishu。ruguoshiquleganshouhezhongxinqujiangshudenengli,shenghuojiushiyichengbubiande,zheiwuyishiwuqude,suoyiganshouhetiyanshifeichangzhongyaode。

yabo88登录 neimeruhehuanxingwomendeganshouli,chuleyuyandexunlian,haixuyaojingdianwenbendeyuedu。suoweijingdianwenbenbingbushizaitounaozhongzhiruyigegainianshuozheishijingdian,shiwuketiaotidewenben,ershizheixiewenbenyidingshidapowomenyuanxianderenzhifangshide,takenengjiangleyixiehenyouqude、womenyiqianmeifaxiandedongxi。

yabo88dengluzhucedeshihou,yigeyabo88dengluhuozheyigeshirendeshijianganshigenputongrenbuyiyangde,youyumeiyouguanchangdeyuyanhejingyanshufu,tamenwangwangnenggougengjiaminruidichajueheganshouzhouzao。womeitiandouzaixunlianzheizhongnengli,zheijuebujinjinshiweilegongzuo,ershiweilerangzijideshenghuogengyouqu。wokeyizaiyixienianjiyijinghenzhangdeyabo88denglushenshangfaxianzheizhongbenlaishuyuertongdenengli。birutelangsiteluomuzaishigezhongmiaoxieyouyongshiganshoudaodeshuidezhuangtai,“shuiyinggaishihuode,haihuitaopao,shuidezuilihanzheluanshi。”zheizhengshiertonggengrongyitihuidaodeganshou。

lingwaiyiweiyingguohuibenhuajiaandongni·bulangyeshiruci,tadehuibenfeichangjuyouyabo88dengluxing。tajiangyizhixiaoxiongzaishulinzhongzou,yudaogezhongweixian,jueduibushishulinzhongchuxianlanghuozheguaiwu。tashuokongjudeshihou,meipianshuye、meikeshugandoutixianlekongju,dangxiaoxiongtuoxianzhihou,suoyoudeshuyedouxiaole。zheishiyizhonghenyouqudezhiguanganshou,shiyizhongfeichangertonghuadebiaoda。

wozhuyidaotongxuemenzaixuexiaoshangkeshi,youqidaozuowenkaoshideshihou,laoshiguokuaidirangtamenfenduanluo、xiezhongxinsixiang。womenzhongxieyishoushiyiyangyongzheigefangshi,queyuzaixuexiaoshangkeshifenduanluodezuofabutong,womensuoshuodemeigeduanluodoushiyigelijiedeweidu,keyicongxijiedejiaodu,yekeyicongshiwubenshengenzhoubianguanxidejiaodu,haikeyiconghuiyidejiaoduxiesangeduanluo,tongshiwozhuzhangyongyuanbuyaojiyuguinazhongxinsixiang,budaozuihouyike,buyaozuozheijianshi。

yabo88登录 gaikuozhongxinsixiangshiwobuzantongde。youhenduonianqingzuozhexiegushibijiaozhongshineixinsuoxiang,yidingyaoyonggushibiaodaguanyuzijineixinsuoxiangdeyijuhua,wohuijianyitamenbuyaozheimezuo。womenyaoyongyuanbaochixinxiangan,jiuyaokezhizheiyangdexiangfa,biaodaneixinsuoxiangshibugouhaowandeshiqing。zhenzhengdechuangzuoyongyuanxuyaozijixiangbudaodedongxi,yidingxuyao“taguoziji”,“taguoziji”buyidingshizhiyaodadaoziji,ershishuoyaozhaodaoxindelujing,dapozijidejuxian,zhaodaoxindekenengxing,yabo88dengluzhuceyinggaibaochizheiyangdezhuangtai。womennaqibilaixiexiangzouluyiyang,yaobulvbutingdiwangqianzou,caihuidaodaxindedifang。

huiben《youxiaxiaomuke》neiye

让古老词汇重新焕发生机

ciwai,ruheyueduciyuyeshizhidezhuyide。ciyuyidantuolilewomenyaojiangdeyisi,tuolileyabo88denglubenshen,jiubiandejixieerwuqu,beisongshigeleisiyuhuihuazhongdelinmo,woyebijiaobuzantongyongzheiyangjixiedefangshilaidushi。wozhuzhangyong“fenleiguinaciyu”defangshilaitidaijixiexingjiyi。

yi《lisao》weili,diyigeduanluoshirenshouxianjieshaolezijideshengping。qizhongzuozhetidaozijidemingshi“zhengze”,yiyishi“gongpingde,bubiande,pinghengdefaze”,zi“lingjun”,kejieshiwei“suoyoushenlinghengzai、pinghengfenbudeshijie”。womenzhuyidao,zheiyigeduanluosuoyoudecihuidouyouzhewendingdeyiwei,zheizhongjuyou“wendinggan”deyongcitoululeshirenwengudexinnianganhejiandingdexinyang,yinciguileishicizhongdeciyuzaigengshencengdeyiyishangyouliyulejieshirendejingshenshijie。

shigededierduanzhongzechuxianledaliangguanyushijiandeciyu,gankaishiguangliushi。

yabo88登录 zuozhetongpianyongjiangli、qiulan、fangzhidengguanyuzhiwudeciyuqubiaodalixiang。ruguowomenbabutongyiyideciyuliechulai,anzhaoyidingbiaozhunfenmenbieleidijinxingguinashifeichangyouzhuyulijiede,zheizhongjiyihelijiefangshiyoubieyujixiejiyihebeisong,youdairugan,yekeyixingchenggerencihuidejilei,congerduitishengyabo88denglusuyangyousuozhuyi。womenkeyianzhaoyidingdebiaozhun,birushijiangan、lixiang、zengedengqufenbutongleibiedeci,yongquanxindeshijiaoqulijieyishoushige,zheihuiyouqudeduo。zheiyifangfakeyibangzhuwomenxunlianzaibutongdeqingjingzhongruhezhunqueeryouchuangyidiyunyongcihui。shishishang,womenduirichangyongciyoudeshihou“shushiwudu”,biruzaiyigetedingqingjingzhongmaochudeyijuchengyuhenkenengchuyu“guanxing”,erbingmeiyoulijieqizhongdemeigezi,yijiyougegezizuhesuoxingchengdexingtai。yaozhidaoyabo88denglushiyouxingtaihegexingde,yinciyabo88dengluxingbiaodaxuyaojutidaocihuidanweidexunlianyejiubuyaneryule。

yabo88登录 ruguowomenxuanzebeisongdefangshi,ciyujiushiqulehuoxing。erruguowomenzhongxinqufenxiciyu,guinata,rangtahuidaozirandangzhong,huidaoshenghuodangzhong,huidaoxingdongdangzhong,huidaocikedeshijianlimian,zheiyang,gulaodeciyujiukenengzhongxinchongmanhuoli。

wohaijianyidajiayueduyishougushishi,keyiyongbutongwenti、butongguobiedetongtiyabo88dengluzuopinlaizuobijiaoyuedu,ganshoubutongyabo88dengluhezuopinzhijiandechayi。jiaruzhiduyiliangbuzuopinhenrongyishoudaodanyifenggedeyingxiang,danwomenkanduolezhihoujiukenengqifahezhaodaoshuyuzijide、gexinghuadebiaodafangshi。madisishuoguoyijuhua,dayishihuayiduohuahennan,yinweinidewangdiaozhiqianhuaguodesuoyoudehua。dantongshinitounaozhongdeyouzheixiehua——zheimeyigexinxiku。

yabo88登录 meiyouzugoudeyabo88denglunenglishihennanshuochuneizhongyinniyouxinxiandeganjuede。yaoxiangzhaodaoganjue,rangzijiduishijiedetihuigengshenyiceng,jiugengxuyaowenzinenglile。womenxiangxiang,ruguoyouzugoudenenglibiaodachuyinniquexinxiandefaxianyinggaishiyijiantishengxingfugandeshi。neimeruhecainengyongyouminruidefaxiannengli、dutedebiaodanenglini?zai“biaodaziji”zhiqian,shouxianhaishidejiejian,“zhaodaoduyoudebiaoda”budaibiaobingqi“tarendehuaduo”,bierenzouguodeluhuiduiniyousuoqifa,tagaosuni,shijieyouwushuzhongguanchafangshi,dannikeyizhaodaoshuyuzijideneiyizhong。

yabo88登录 suoyiruguowoyaoxieyishouguanyuxuedeshi,wohuijinkenengzhaodaozhongguogudai、xiandai,yijiwaiguoguanyuxuedeshige,tongtongduyibian,tongdutongtishigedebutongshuxie,keyibangzhuwomenlejieyabo88dengluzhucegezhonggeyangshigedekenengxing。dangwomenzhenzhengkaishiyabo88dengluzhucedeshihou,zaibatounaozhongzheixiejiyougainiandapo,meiyoulejiexian,caikenengzhaodaoshuyuzijide“diyiganshou”。

yabo88登录 suoyouyoubierendechuangzuodailaideganshoudoushiyizhongjifa,dangwomenkandaoyigexiedefeichanghaodezuopin,huishoutajifa,zheishiyigefeichangyouyisidezhuangtai。yibijiaodefangshiquyuedu,huihuodegengguangkuodeshiyehegengkaikuodesilu。

haiyouyizhongyueduheyabo88dengluzhucefangshixuyaowomenzaishenghuozhongqutiyanheyanjiu。dangwomenjubeiyidingdezhishizhihou,caikeneng“dudong”,zijixieyecainengshengdongeryouxijie。birudubiansaishi,chulelejielishidebeijing,ruguowomenzailvxingzhongyongxinguancha,zaidushigeshibiansaideziranhuanjing、renzaineigeziranhuanjingzhongshentihexinqingdebianhuajiuhuibiandeyujiashengdongkegan。

womenzheicifenxiangdezhutidangzhongyou“zhongxie”zheiyigainian,zhongxinshuxieyishoushi,chulejutide“xie”,gengzhongyaodeshiyaotongguogushiqugengduoganshou,xunlianwomendeganshouli,weixinchuangzaodaxiajianshijichu。yabo88dengluzhuceshiyigefangkongzijiquganshoushijiedeguocheng,ruguowomenbayabo88dengluzhucexiangxiangchengyigechangyu,fangkongdezhuangtaiyouliyubanikandaohetingdaodesuoyoudongxidourongnajinlai,cihounizaijingjingdiyunniang,mouyitiannihuifaxianzaishoujihexinadeguochengdangzhongqishishiyouyitiaoguinahezhenglidemailuode。

yabo88登录 yinweishinizijideguanchamailuo,nijiuhuizhaodaogenbierenwanquanbutongdelijiefangshihexindejiaodu,shenzhizhaodaoyigexindebierensuoweichajuedaodelingyu。

yabo88登录 yabo88dengluzhucebujinnengduanlianwomendeguanchanenglihelijienengli,tongshiyabo88dengluzhucehaishiyixiangxinlixunlian。womenyabo88dengluzhuceshi,shentihexinnianyaofeichangtouru,rifuyirijianchicainengrangshenghuobiandeyuelaiyueyouqu。

yabo88dengluzhuceyinggaishiwomenzhongshendeyigegongke,buyidingmeigerendoukeyichengweiyabo88dengluheshiren,danyabo88dengluzhuceyidingshimeigerenshenghuodeyibufen。

yabo88登录 xiwangzheicifenxiangzhihou,dajiazaidugushicihuiyoubuyiyangdeganshou,tabuzaishipingmiande,ershishengdongkegande。zhongguogudaishigegenxifangshibuyiyang。xifangshigegengduodicezhongyuyanyi,erzhongguogudaishigezeyongyuanzaiguancha,tazaishijiankongjianzhongbuduandifasheng“yidong”,shiyige“guan”detiyan。

yabo88登录 youleduizhongguogudaishigedeyuedujingyan,womenduishijiedeguanchalijiuhuiwanquanbutong,huifashengyizhong“xingfudepengzhanggan”。

zuihoujidajiatiyidianxiaojianyi,meitiandounachubenzihuozhedakaidiannaoxieshangyixiaoduan,zheishiyigerichangdeyouxi。ruguobaochizheigexiguan,xiangxinshenghuohuiyuelaiyueyouqu,erwomendeganshouliyejiangyuelaiyueminrui。

(本文根据9月25日yabo88登录注册网yabo88登录直播间直播内容整理 整理者:马媛慧)