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汪晖、戴锦华对谈:今天,我们为什么还要读陈映真
来源:yabo88登录注册网 | 李菁  2020年10月19日08:22
关键词:

youzheiyangyiweiyabo88denglu、sixiangjia,yabo88dengluwanganyicheng“woconglaimeiyouganshangguota,ertayijingbashidaipaozaishenhou”,xuzhiyuanzhiyantashizijideouxiang,“tadeshenshangdaibiaozhishifenziyongbutingxidepipanjingshen,jujueheshidaichaoliutuoxie”。tadeshengyinyizhishizhongguotaiwan20shijihoubanyezuizhongyaodeshengyin。tajiushibeichengzuo“taiwanluxun”dechenyingzhen。“yaolejiexiandaizhongguo,jiuyaoduluxun。yaodudongdangdaitaiwanshehui,jiuyaoduchenyingzhenzuopin。” tayongposudebixieputongrendelishi,xieshidai“houjie”shangdexiaorenwu,xiexiameiyigepingfanrenwugaodetongkuhexuelei。congtaibeiyeshidemiantanchefufu,beifuzhezhanzhengyulishishanghendexiangcunjiaoshi,dao“huashengdundalou”liyayideshangbanzu,xinyangshoujingudeqingnian……tazouguotaiwandangdailishide“houjie”,yongxiaoshuochupenglishiyushidaidedawenti,xunhuizuoyizhishifenzi“disanshijie”deshiye。tashuo:“yabo88denglu,weishouwuruderenzhongxinzhaohuizunyan。”

zuoweidangdailianganzhishifenzideyabo88denglu“ouxiang”hesixiangxianqu,chenyingzhendegushi、tasuoqinlideshidai、tazuoweiyabo88denglujiadefengfuxinghezhishirendejingshenxinyang,douzhidezaijintianbeihaohaoditaolun。jinri,lixiangguotuichuchenyingzhenxiaoshuoquanji,shizaidalushouciwanzhengchuban。quanjigongfensance,baokuo《jiangjunzu》《yexinghuoche》《zhaonandong》,wanzhengshouluyabo88denglu1959-2001nianchuangzuode37buzhongduanpianzuopin。juxi,lixiangguozhihouhaijiangchubanchenyingzhendesanwen、wenlunjuan《bianzihetideng》《zhishirendepianzhi》。

10yue13riwan,youlixiangguozhubande“rendetiwen、rendegutou、rendeyongqi——yueduchenyingzhen·yabo88denglushalong”huodongzaijingjuxing。xuezhedaijinhua、wanghuizuokeyabo88denglushalong,weiraotamenyuchenyingzhenzhijiandegushi,yitongtantaochenyingzhenzuopindejiazhineihan。huodongyou《dandu》zhubianwuqizhuchi。

huodongxianchang

以不变的信念应对世间万变

wanghuidiyicijiandaochenyingzhen,yuanzidangnianxiede《dangdaizhongguodesixiangzhuangkuangyuxiandaixingwenti》,zheipianwenzhangyu1994nianfabiaozaihanguozhongyaokanwu《chuangzuoyupiping》shang,houlaizaizhongguodaluyinqirelietaolun。chenyingzhenzaihanguoshikandaowenzhang,tuorenxiwangnenggouhewanghuijianshangyimian。dangshi,chenyingzhenzhengzaimiqieguanzhutaiwannaizhizhenggeyazhouzaizhanhoujingguoxinyilunfazhanhoushehuidezhuyaomaodunhechongtu。shangshiji90niandaizhonghouqi,wanghuizaitaiwanyuchenyingzhendiercijianmian,neishizhengzhitaiwanwentanzhankaiguanyu“huangminyabo88denglu”delunzheng,chenyingzhengongkaizaibaozhishangfeichangjilieqieshenkedipipingle“huangminhua”zheigedaiyouzhiminzhuyisecaidelishiwentiyiji“huangminyabo88denglu”debenzhi。zheijiwanghuiliuxialeshenkedeyinxiang,renweichenyingzhen“xiangyigejiebiaoyiyang,wulunshijiechaoliuzenyangbianhua,tashizhongyiyigetaiduyilizaizheili。butongderenzaibutongdechaoliudangzhong,kanjian、tingdaotadeshihou,nengzhidaozijizoudaonalile。womenzailishizhong,suibozhuliudeshihouhenduo,youshihouyigelishishidaixuyaoyilianggezheiyangdezuobiaobangzhurenkanqingzijizaishenmeweizhishang。”

yabo88登录 wanghuitandao,chenyingzhenshiyigejuyouhongdalishiguanderen,tabujinshichuyudaodehuozheyibandezhengzhiyifen,ershijingguofeichangshenrudelilunsikaotichuwenti。tongshi,tayeshijiaoshaoyongyoushijiexingshiyedeyabo88dengluzhuce,chenyingzhendezuopinzhong,shejidaohenduoyouguanyuenanzhanzhengdewenti,guanyuquanqiuhua、zibenzhuyidewenti,guanyubutongshehuideguancha,biruxiaoshuo《liuyuelidemeiguihua》xiedaoyigemeiguoheirenyutaiwanjinvdeqinggangushi。zheizhongguanxibeihoudoudaizhetaduishijiexingguanxideguancha。

1983nian,yabo88dengluwanganyihechenyingzhentongzaimeiguoaihehuayabo88dengluzhucezhongxin,tazaizhihoudehenduowenzhangzhonghuiyileduichenyingzhendeguanganyijichenyingzhenduiziji“yabo88dengluyindaozhe”yibandeyingxiang。hejuedaduoshutongdairenyiyang,daijinhuashijingyouwanganyidemiaoshurenshichenyingzhende。zuoweiyabo88dengluaihaozhe,daijinhuazuizaojiangchenyingzhenzuopinkanzuotaiwanxiangtuyabo88denglu。zhihou,zaitaiwandeyichangxueshuhuiyishang,daijinhuakandaochenyingzhenyimingquedetaidu,kankanertanzijidezhongguorentong,dangyuchenyingzhenzaitongyishikongyoulejiechuzhihou,tadexingxiangzaidaijinhuayanlizhujianbianchengleyigesixiangzhe、xingdongzhe,yigegududejianchizhederen。

一个手持批判现实主义“火把”的传递者

shangshijibashiniandaizhongqizhihou,xianshizhuyizaiershishijiwentandezhuliudiweikaishifashengzhongdabianhua,xiandaizhuyi、houxiandaizhuyijueqibingzhuangda。tanjixianshizhuyiyabo88denglu,wanghuirenwei,zaimouzhongyiyishang,womenyinggaizhongxinsikaochenyingzhendangnianjianchiyirenweibendexianshizhuyiyabo88dengluchuantong,jiqibeihoushijiushijieguoyabo88denglu、faguoyabo88dengluheershishijizhongguoyabo88dengludengshenhoudewenhuachendian。wanghuirenweibuyingjiangchenyingzhenhuaguiguoqudeshidai,chenyingzhendezuopinjuyouchongfendedangdaigan,tabixiamiaohuideshiwuheyabo88denglutujingzhizhijintian,yiranhuizhongxinjifawomendeziworenzhi。yueduchenyingzhen,keyichengweizhongxinrenshiziwoyijizheigeshidaideqiji。

yabo88登录 dangzaiciyuedushi,daijinhuazaichenyingzhendeshuzhongfaxiandebujinshiluxundefenggehezhengzhijingjixuetujing,gengduodeshipipanxianshizhuyiyabo88denglu,shiqingjing、renwu、qinggan、neizaixingweiluoji,tazaizheixiekansishidaijiuyuandezuopinzhongkandaoledangxiashidaidezongji,“erqiezheige‘dangxia’shizaimuqiandeyabo88dengluchangyuzhongwufazhaodaode‘dangxia’。womensuizhishenqizhong,queyibuzaishuxie”。zheiduiyudaijinhuaeryanshiyizhongwanquanshiliaoweijideyuedujingyan。taturanyishidaochenyingzhenzaitaiwanyabo88dengluzhongbanyandejiaoseshijiangzijijiexudaole“luguomaobalaocao”dechuantongpipanxianshizhuyimailuoshang。

zaidaijinhuakanlai,wanganyihechenyingzhendelishixingxiangyuzhengshizhongguoshehuizaiyicizhuanxiangdeshike,neishidechenyingzhenjiuxiangyigudaibiaowaibudegaibianxingdeliliang,wanganyijiangchenyingzhenshizuoyabo88dengludebangyang,zheiyiweizhecongchenyingzhenshenshangjiexudeyabo88dengluliliang,youchengweilezhongguoxiandangdaiyabo88dengluzhongpipan、guanzhuxianshideyibufen。daijinhuaturanyishidao,congzheigeyiyishangjiang,“zuoweiyigechuanchengzhe、jiexuzhe,yigehuobadechuandiren”,chenyingzhenshizhenzhengdeyabo88dengluzhuce。

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ciwai,wanghuirenweichenyingzhenshizhongzhuyirenwudexinliwenti,zheirangtadechuangzuozaiyanxuchuantongdetongshiyouyoulexinbianhua。taduibixiaderenwudaiyoushenhoudetongqingzhixin,napashitapipingderenwu,yebuhuijiandandefouding。ruzai《yexinghuoche》《liuyuedemeiguihua》zhong,chenyingzhenjiangduirenxingfuzaxingdeshendumiaoxieyuduizhenggeshijielishiguanxidexushuwanquanyaohezaiyiqi,biaoxianchuduishijieherenxingshenkededongcha。

一份当下的启示录

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yabo88登录 wanghuizaicishuodaole“jiebiao”——tameicikandaochenyingzhendeshihouzonghuizainaohailifuxianchuzheilianggezi——zaimeigeshike,chenyingzhenjianchichengshiqieshenkedebiaodazijideguandian,bushouwaijiedeyingxiang。“huoxuzheixiebiaodaweibinengshuofuzijidetongdairen,danshiguoleyiduanshijianzhihou,dangnizhongxinhuiguzheigeguochengdeshihou,caifaxiantahaizainei,erwomenyijinggensuizheigeshidaizouchuhenyuanle。danyinweiyoutazheiyangderentigonglekenengxingheziworenzhideqiji,rangwomenwulunzoudeduoyuandouzhidaozijizaishenmedifang。”

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yabo88登录 daijinhuaxiwangduzhezaiyueduchenyingzhenzuopinzhihou,nenggoufenxiangdaozaidangdaizhongguoyabo88denglu,baokuoshijieyabo88dengludangzhong,kaishiqueshideyizhongyabo88denglubibeidepinge,jigongqingnengli,renmenshouxianyinggailijieneixieruoshide、dicengderenqun。tasuiranyezai《jiangjunzu》zhongduchuleluxundeyingzi,danburenweichenyingzhenxiangluxun,yinweiluxunyouyizhonggengjuejuedelengying,erchenyingzhendezuopinzhonggengduodedaiyouyizhong“guangmodebeimin”,tachongmanlebeimin,danzheigebeiminbushiyiqingganfengfu、lianjiadetongqinglaibiaoshude,ershiyiyizhongguangmodezitaichaoxiangtagushizhongderenwu。

yabo88登录 ciwai,cengjingzaichenyingzhenzuopinzhongsuojieshidezaochengkunan、beiwei、beijudeshehuijiegoubingmeiyougaibian。rujinrenmenrengrankeyitongguoyabo88denglulejiezheigeshijie,bingzuochuxuanze。zaidaijinhuakanlai,jintiandaduoshurenjuedewusuoxuanzedeyuanyinzaiyu,renmensangshileduibuyiyangshenghuodelijieherenzhi,yemeiyoucongyijideshengminghuozhetazhejidingdejiegouzhongquxiangxianghexuanzewenhua、xinli、yabo88dengludekongjian。“suoyidajiazaiyueduchenyingzhenshishibushiyijingkaishijinrudaoyigebubeifengbideshijie,huodeyizhongbuneimechencilandiao、buzaibeirenmenyanshuoderenzhi?

面对未来,我们能做点什么

wuqitanchengzuixihuandeshi《zhaonandong》dangzhongde《lingdanghua》he《shanlu》。xiaoshuozhongdezhurengongtingdaoguanyulishihesuoweirenrenzhishidegushidoushidaotingtushuo,tongguobuduandeouyu、tingwen,rangshidaizaibujingyizhishijingguogetishengming,yinqirenmenduiyuwufaqinshenjingyandeshiwudeqinggangongming。wuqitichuyiwen,dangdairenmeitiandoujingliyizhongxiangtuoluoyiyangbeidongde、beiqugandemangliu,womenyexukeyicongqinggangongzhenkaishilejieshidai,neimeranhouni?womenhaikeyizuoshenme?

wanghuibiaoshi,chenyingzhendezuopinzaibeiminzhiwaihaiyouyicengyouyu,shiyizhongbunengmashangtoushenxingdongcaihuiyoudeyouyugan。takandaozheigeshijiedebuhelixing,renyuelaiyuebuxiangrendeshenghuo,keshiyouzhaobudaogaibiandeliliang。erzheizhongyouyuganqiaqiashidui“zenmeban”deyigezhuiwen。tadezuopindaiyoujishendebeimin,ranhoubuduanqifarenmensikaozhenggeshehuigouzaoruhezaochenglerendeyihua。tabutingzhiyuyouyu,ershichixuditoushenyushehuifenxihelilunlunzhan,jinkenengdixunzhaojiejuedangdaishehuijiegoudekenengxing。yifangmiantashigududedoushi,wuluntarenxinyubuxin,tayizhizaichixudishuohua;lingwaiyifangmian,tachixuxunzhaozijideyoujuntongmeng,baochigaodumingan。wuluntadesikaohaishiyabo88dengluyabo88dengluzhucedoumingquebaohanyigefangxiang,tabingbushirangrentingliuzaiyouyulimian,ershizhixiangxingdong。

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《zhaonandong》zhongyouyiduanbingzhongdelaorenheerzidetanhua:“women,henimen,jiuxiangshilianggeshijielideren。womendeshijie,shuotabushizhendeba?keneixiesuiyue,neixieren……zenmejiaorenwangdele?shuonimendeshijieshijiadeba,ketiantiankanjiande,quanshinaonaoreredeshenghuo。” wuqishuo,chenyingzhendesixiang、yabo88dengluzhucehaizaidangxiadeshijiezhongchanshengzheyingxiang,meimeixiangdaozheili,qianmiandezhongzhongkunnandoudedaolemouzhongzanshidejieda。(yabo88dengluzhucewanglijing)