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马金莲:yabo88登录注册是我一生的挚爱 ——访“80后”yabo88登录、鲁迅yabo88登录奖得主马金莲
来源:yabo88登录注册网 | 刘鹏波  2020年09月22日07:47
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2020年,最早一批“80”后已经40岁了。

他们从青春期的懵懂少年转型为社会的中坚力量,并逐渐拥有稳定的形态和鲜明的特征,一路走来,犹疑与执着并举,迷惘与坚定并在。值此节点,yabo88登录注册网特推出“‘80后’yabo88登录对话录:个体·代际·经验”专题,通过与八位知名“80后”yabo88登录、评论家、诗人的深入交流,力图展现他们的新风貌,以及他们对生活、yabo88登录创作上的思考。此外,专题亦约请相关评论家关于“80后”yabo88登录的评论文章,多角度阐释“80后”yabo88登录群体的创作。希望在本次专题中,我们能够对“80后”yabo88登录群体有更多新的发现与思考。 让我们在回望中细致梳理,在展望中奋力前行。

 

马金莲:yabo88登录注册是我一生的挚爱

文|yabo88登录注册网  刘鹏波

yabo88登录 2018nian,majinlianpingjie《1987niandejiangshuihesuancai》huodediqijieluxunyabo88denglujiang,chengweidiyiweihuodeluxunyabo88denglujiangde“80hou”yabo88denglu。dezhixiaoxihou,majinliandeneixinjiaozhizhexiyuehesuanchu。zuoweicongnongcunzouchulaidehuizuyabo88denglu,majinliandeyabo88dengluzhucezhilubiqiqita“80hou”yabo88dengluxiandemanzhangyoujianxin,“zheitiaolushenzhixuyaoyongyishengquzhangliang”。dantashizhibuyu、wuyuanwuhui,“yinweiyabo88dengludaijiwodefengzuhexingfu,shizaishidaguolefuchudehanshuihejianxin”。

童年埋下yabo88登录种子

majinliandeyabo88dengluzhilushiyuxueshengshidai,yipianmingjiao《suyuan》dexiaoxiaoshuozaixiaoyabo88denglushejubandezhengwenbisaizhonghuodeyidengjiang。majinlianshenshouguwu,jiangrenzhentengludewengaojijidangdide《liupanshan》zazhi。wenzhangzailianggeyuehoukandengchulai,zheishimajinliandiyicizhengshifabiaozuopin。nadaoershikuaidegaofeidanzi,majinlianjidongwubi。fumuhedimeizaikanwanmajinliandaihuijiadeyangkanhou,fandaoxiandemoran。majinlianhenqingchu,zaizijijiaxiang,“shengcun、weishengcunjinxingdelaozuoshizhongshidiyiweide,biededoushiqici。”

majinliandefuqinshigaozhongwenhuashuiping,zaidangdisuanshigaoxueli。zimajinlianjishiqi,fuqinbianzaixiangzhengfuwenhuazhanshangban,zhangnianyushujidajiaodao。fuqinreaiyuedudexiguan,qianyimohuadiyingxianglemajinlian。zhiyaoshifuqinjiehuijiadeshu,majinliandouhuinaqudu,duwanhaiyangqiufuqinhuiquzaijiexinde。tongnianshidaidefengfuyuedu,weimajinlianaishangyabo88denglubingqiezhibiyabo88dengluzhucedaxialeyigelianghaodejichu。yabo88dengludezhongzi,zaozaitongnianshihouyijingmaijinmajinliandexinzhong。

majinlianchushengbingchengzhangzaixihaiguputongnongjia,suozaidecunzhuangweiyubenxiangyuwaixiangdejiaojiechu,weiqunshanhuanrao。cunminxiangyaozouchucunzhuangdaowaidiqu,zhinengjiezhuzuiweiyuanshidejiaotonggongju:maolv、nongyongchehuomotuochedeng,shenzhibuxing。cunminmenzaizheizhongyuanshierchunpodexiangcunhuanjingzhongzhongzheshantou、shanyaoheshanjiaodetudi,guozherichuerzuoriluoerxidejianposhenghuo。zaimajinliandejiyizhong,“guxiangshiyigewennuandexiaoshancun,jiatingshiyigewennuandedajiating,chuchudouyangyizheqingpinerposudemeihao。”

2004dao2007sannianjian,majinlianmeiyougongzuo,shenghuozaixiangxiadepopojia,neishiyigeyouzheshiduokourendedajiating。yongyouzhongdengshifanwenhuashuipingdemajinlianyibiangenzhezhangfuguochaimiyouyanderizi,yibianmomodijianchizhexuexiheyabo88dengluzhuce。tazhaodaolejixuyabo88denglumengxiangdebanfa:zaifanmangdenonghuozhiyu,zaibierenshushuideshihou,qiaoqiaopaqi,zuozaikangtoushangnabizaizhishanghualawenzi,biaodaneixinduishenghuodelijie。majinlianzhidao,zheiyangdejianchipingzheyiguduiwenzidedanchunreai,jiangwenzidangzuopaiqiankumendeshouduan,yueduheyabo88dengluzhucerangrichangshenghuobiandekeyirenshoule。

yabo88登录 “nongmangshihouchangchangshiyizhengtiandouzaidiliganhuoer,wanshangdingzhexingxinghuijia,wanfandoushizaidengpaoxiazuode,dengxiwanguozao,haizibaozhetuizaineilikuzhedeng,youdehonghaizishuijue,suoyineijiniandeyabo88dengluzhucejinchenghenman,yinianyejiuxiesanlianggeduanduandepianzhang。yemeiyougengweixiandaihuadeyabo88dengluzhucegongju,yongshouxiezaizaonianjizandeyixiejiubenzishang,ranhoutengxiezaifanggegaozhishang,zaiyangrendaidaoxiangjiedaodeyouzhengdaibandiantouchuqu。” zaizheiyangjiankudehuanjingzhong,majinlianyizhijianshouzheyabo88dengluzhucezheizhongfengfuneixin、anweineixindebiaodafangshi。

2007nian8yue,majinliantongguokaoshichengweiyimingzhengshijiaoshi;lianggeyuehou,youkaoshanggongwuyuan。cihousannianxiangzhengongzuojingyandadakaikuolemajinliandeyanjie,rangtaduishehuiyouleyixiebijiaofuzaderenshi。2010nianqiu,majinlianjinruguyuanshiminmeng,likaixiangcunlaidaochengshidingju。majinlianjingyadifaxianzijideyanjiegenzhiqianyoulechayi,“yexushenzaiqizhongdeshihou,youxieshiwushikanbuqingchude,zhiyuanshenzaicishanzhong,eryidanlakaijuli,jiunenggenglengjingdisikao,gengchengshudebiaoda”。jiniandejicenglilianhou,majinliandewenzigengjushendu。

见缝插针阅读和yabo88登录注册

20nianlai,majinlianxianhouzaigejiyabo88dengluqikanfabiaochunyabo88dengluzuopin400duowanzi,daliangzuopinbeigezhongyabo88dengluxuankanzhuanzaibingjinrugezhongnianduxuanben,chubanxiaoshuoji9bu,zhangpianxiaoshuo3bu,2buzuopinyijieguowai。qizhongzhangpianxiaoshuo《malanhuakai》huodishisanjiequanguojingshenwenmingjianshe“wugeyigongcheng”jiang。xiaoshuoji《zhanghe》huodishiyijiejunmajiang。2018nian8yue,majinlianpingjieduanpianxiaoshuo《1987niandejiangshuihesuancai》huodediqijieluxunyabo88denglujiang。zheiduiyuyiweiqingnianyabo88denglulaishuo,shifeichanglebuqidechengjiu。

daliangdezuopindechuangzuolibukaijianfengchazhendeyabo88dengluzhucexiguan。majinlianshuo,tadeyabo88dengluzhucegenzhehuanjingbianhua。youqijinxienian,suizheshenghuowangqianzou,yabo88dengluzhucedeshijianyuefameiyoubaozhang。“baitianshangban,quantianbashijianxiaohaozaidanwei,huidaojiazuofan,kanhaizizuozuoye,zongshimanggebuting,zheiqijiankeyichoushijiankanshu。”majinlianchongfenliyonggongzuohejiawujianlingsuideshijianlaiyuedu。biruzaibangongshixiecailiaoyanjingleile,xiehuandeshijianlijiutoutoukanyihuiershu;zuofanshaoshuidejianxi,jianfengchazhendikankanshu;peihaizizuozuoyedeshihou,majinlianyekeyibaozheyibenshijikuaisuyuedu。

yabo88登录 suiranyuedunengsuipianhuajinxing,danyabo88dengluzhucexianranbukeneng。yabo88dengluzhucexuyaoyichuxiangduianjingdehuanjing,yabo88dengludejingxiaxinlai,jinruyabo88dengluzhucedezhuangtai。zaishengwandiyigehaizihou,yabo88dengluzhuceduiyumajinlianeryanchengleshechidewangxiang。“ganjuezijijiubushizijile,zaiyebushineigekeyiwanquanzhipeizijideshijianhejinglideziyourenle。zongshimang,weiraozhehaizizhuan,beishenghuoqianzhezou。weileshengji,weileshenghuo,doushibudebumianduide。”weici,majinlianzhinengbanyepaqilaixie,zheishihouhuanjingshianjingde,siweiyebijiaohuoyue,tababaitiandegousikuaisuxiedaozhishang。

yabo88登录 aoyeyabo88dengluzhucejimajinliandailaideshishentisunhao,zheizhongfangshibingbunengchijiu。cong2014niankaishi,majinlianjiediaobanyeyabo88dengluzhucedexiguan,gaichengbaitianxie。gaibiandeguochenghentongku,youyiduanshijian,majinlianshenzhishenmeyexiebuchulai,mianduikongbaidegaozhi,siweiyituanhunluan。jiashangzhiqianyangchengdezhangqiaoyedeyabo88dengluzhucexiguan,majinlianmeidaoyejiansandianbianhuizidongxinglai。buguo,pingzhejingrendeyili,majinlianmanmanzhaodaolepinghenggongzuo、jiatingheyabo88dengluzhucedefangshi,tabayabo88dengluzhuceshijiananpaizaibangwan,“fanhouhaizimenkaishizuozuoye,worangairenbangzhufudaoxuexi,wofeikuaidixiguozao,ranhouduojinwoshi,wangdiannaoshangqiaoxiehaodeshougao,huozhezaizhizhidebijibenshangxiemouyipianzuopin,zijiliaocaowobuguan,zhiyaoxianbuzhuosixubingfeikuaidixiezaizhishang。”

jibianruci,yabo88dengluzhuceguochengyeshichangbeihaizimendechaonaodaduan。“wochuyuyigebuduanzhengqiangshijiandezhuangtaili。zheiliangnianshenzhiyangchengleyigezaipeixunxuexihuozhejidanweilingdaodingtikaihuideshihou,zuozaizuoweishang,zhuangzuozuobiji,qishizaibijibenshangxiemouyipianxiaoshuo。naodehaoduorendouzhidaole,wokaihuishizaixiexiaoshuode。”2018nianchunjieqitianjiaqi,majinlianmeiyouxuanzexiuxi,ershibazijiguanqilaiganyigezhangpian,bufenriyediqiaozi,zuiduodeyitiandachulesanwanwuqianzi。

majinliandezuopindaduocongertong、nvxingshijiaorushou,zhanxianzhongguoxibuningxiadadishanghuihanbaixingdeshenghuoxianzhuang、renshenggushihemingyun。haizihenvxingshijiaodexushufangshi,duimajinlianjishiyizhongxiguan,yeshiyizhongcelve。zuikaishi,majinliandeyabo88dengluzhucehebiaodayuanziqinshenjingli,yousuojian、suoting、suosi、suoxiang、suowu、suopanshengfa。zheizhihou,ertongxushuzhujianzhanjushangfeng。majinlianshuotaqishiyizhizaitansuoruhezhaodaobiaodagengweifengfudexushushijiao,tadexiaoshuoshijiaoyizhizaibian。

biaoxianhaizishengcunzaoyuhebeijudezhongpianxiaoshuo《sangeyueliang》huiguidaociqianertongshijiaoxushudesilu,youyizhongkansimengdongerzhinendeliliang,zaibudongshengsezhongxuanranchuzugoudadongrenxindefenliang。《shuxingxingdehaizi》zuoweimajinliandiyibuertongzhangpianxiaoshuo,miaoshuhuizuchuantongjiatingdejiaoyu、lunli、ganqingdeng,zhanxianshaoshuminzudeminsufengqing。zuopinwanjiehou,majinlianganjuehaimeiyouxiewan,youxiegushiheqingganhaiyoujixubiaodadekongjian,yushibianyoule《xiaomusadefeixiang》。zaimajinliankanlai,yishaoershijiaoshuxiezijishuxidehuizuertongtongniangushi,shiyizhongkaoyan,yeshiduitongnianshenghuodehuiwanghesikao。erzaipinglunjiashenyanxiakanlai,majinliandeertongshijiaoxushishiyiruozhedeyanguangdaliangzhenggeshijie,“baojingcangsang”。

yabo88登录 majinlianhuijizijianpainiandurenwu,yuqishishiwanzizuoyoudezhongduanpianxiaoshuo。tajuedezheigeliangganghao,keyijinliangxiehaoyixie,rangzijimanyi。zaicijichushang,tahaixianghualiangnianhuosannianshijiandamochuyibuzhangpianzuopin。zheixieshijianbaokuocongqianqigousidaozuizhongchuban:xiajicengqushenrushenghuo,xunzhaoheyinzheng,wajuesucai,fengfuxijie,buzhuolinggan,gousiheshuxie,zaicongzhizhibendewenzibianchengdianziban,zaidaoxiugaidinggao。

乡土yabo88登录注册要深入生活内部

yabo88登录 majinliandeyabo88dengluzhuceyizhimeiyoulikaixiangcunticaidefanchou,suiranzheiliangnianyezaichangshiticaitupo,jiangshijiaozhuanxiangxiaozhen、chengxiangjiehebu、xianshiqudeng,danjiuzuopinjidiaolaishuo,bingmeiyouchaochuxiangcundedafanchou。zhangpianxiaoshuo《malanhuakai》qucaizimajinlianzaipopojiashenghuodejingli,shizhagenshenghuo、zhenchengshuxiedejieguo;《gudushu》jujiaobeichengshihualangchaopaoqidexiangcunliushourenqun。weilechuangzuozheibenxiaoshuo,majinlianxuanzewowoliangweimiaoxiedidian,yeye、nainaihesunzizhebuzheisanweiputongrenweishuxieduixiang,miaohuichuliushouquntijianshouxiangcun、chuanchengchunpopinzhidejingshen。majinlianjinqizhengzaizheshouchuangzuodeshiyibuguanzhuningxiayiminbanqiandezhangpianxiaoshuo《lianxintu》,yijingzuoledaliangshidicaifangheziliaochayuedengzhunbeigongzuo。majinlianjiangtongguoyigemingzihaizaidanshijiyijingxiaoshidecunzhuang,laichengxianyiminbanqianguochengzhongchengxianchudezhongzhongwenti。

duiyuxiangcunticaideyabo88dengluzhuce,majinlianrenweiyabo88denglubixuzhencheng、shenkedisikaoheyonggandiwajueyuchengxianxianshi。tashuo,“womenyaoyongganmianduiwomendedangxia,buhuibi、buyuanli,bugexuesaoyang,yebuduozaichengshideshuzhailixiangxiangxianzaidenongcun,shenghuotaotaoruwangyang,manyanruhuoshi,yikebuting、yongbuzhubu,womenyanjingkandaodedoushibiaoxiang,ershengyusi、shengyushuai、kuyurong,gengshencengmianxiadexiangcunzhixuxiangcunjingshenxiangcunneihededuanlieyuxujie、liuchuan、jicheng,douzaibiaocengzhixiayanyi。wocongbuyibeiguandemuguangweiweilaixiangcunzuozhanwang,yiqiedouhuizhongjian、chengjieheyouxu,womenyinggaihuidaoshenghuodexianchangheneibu,bingshoushenghuobenshendeluoji,chenrushenghuodeshuimianzhixia,zhangjiudizhefu,shenrudiwajue,yongxindishuxie。”

yabo88登录 zuoweiyiweicongxiangcunzouchulai、bingzhiyishuxiexiangcunticaide“80hou”yabo88denglu,majinlianzai“80hou”yabo88dengluquntizhongxiandelinglei。zhaomajinlianzijikanlai,zheiduoshaoyuzijizuopinchengxianchudebutongmianmaoyouguan,erzheizhongmianmaoyouyumajinliandechengzhangjinglimibukefen。congxihaigudeshenshangoulikaishi,weishengcunerbenbo,xiaoxiaonianjibianbeizheshubaofanshanyuelingquqiuxue,baoshoujikekaoyan,houlaiweilezhaoyifenyangjiahukoudegongzuoerbeishouaojian。yabo88dengluduimajinlianlaishuo,chengleyishengdezhiai,shiyibeizibuhuihouhuidexuanze,gengshipaiqianneixinyoushangheweiqudechukou。zhengrushenxiayansuoshuo,majinliandeyabo88dengluzhuce“bushiweileyabo88dengluderongyao,ershianyeliweiyideguang,jibianyouweiyeyouxiwang。”

“beishenghuobidaoxiangchenaiyiyangdiweideshihou,worenshouzheshenghuolidejianxin,quehuaibaozheyigeleguanerfengzudeneixinshijie,neijiushiduiwenzidegouxianghezhizhu,yabo88denglurangwodeneixinbiandebaoman,rangandanderenshengyoulezouxiaqudexiwang。ruguoshuo,youderenbayabo88denglukanzuojiubaofanzuzhiyudexiaoqian,wobushi,woyizhijingweizheyabo88denglu,xiaierjingwei,dangzuoshengminglizhenguidedongxizaizhenxi,wobazijijinglidejianxin、xiangqinmenshengcundekunan、zheipiantudishangshengmingdeyanyi,douxiejinlewenzili,zhenshierfengfudeshenghuoyueli,rangwodezuopinzhenshi、posu,jubeizhezuidicengdeqizhi。yexuzheidoushiwobeiguirulingleideyuanyinba。”

yabo88登录 buguomajinlianbingbuweilingleidebiaoqiankunhuo,fanerganjuexinwei。nongcun、guxiang、xiangtu,zheixieyuansuziyanglemajinliandeshengming,gongjitayuanyuanbuduandeyabo88dengluyangliao,chengweitayibeizidoujiangshouyideyabo88dengluwotu。majinliandehendayibufenshenghuohexiangcunshuirujiaorong、nanyigeshe,xiangcunduimajinlianrutongshengmingzhichudemuqin。“wojuedeweixiangtumuqinshuxietinghaode,xiedadishangzuibenzhenzuiposhidequnti,wajueshenghuozhongdehouzhong、meihao、wennuan,shiyabo88dengluzhonghenzhongyaodeyigebufen。”

申霞艳曾对马金莲的yabo88登录注册做过专文评论。她在阅读马金莲小说的过程中,直观地感觉到马金莲与其他“80后”yabo88登录非常不同。“仿佛她不是生活在当代中国,至少不是生活在消费社会的中国,她的标本只是人,是家乡的人们,面对他们的沉默、叹息、微笑以及迁徙的步履,做这份生活最忠实的卫士,而不是具体的时代。” 马金莲的yabo88登录注册重新拾起了被“80后”抛弃的“他人的痛苦”,将饥饿和苦难作为书写对象,敞亮了真实的“西部”大地,在苦难中洞悉人生和yabo88登录注册的秘密。

“马金莲的yabo88登录注册让人振奋,因为她的叙述世界中央始终站着一个有血有肉、有痛有爱的坚韧的yabo88登录。她没有在叙事面前隐匿,她没有在残酷的真相面前转身离去。她的泪水、忍受和承担是那样真实地横亘在文本内部。她勇敢地迎接生活的苦难、变化乃至无常,她吞下这一切并将之转化为yabo88登录注册的营养。”申霞艳说。

“80后”yabo88登录的贡献还有待检验

suhuashuo,yueduheyabo88dengluzhucexiangfuxiangcheng。zicheng“shishuruming”demajinlianyebuliwai——conghaitongshihoushizikaishi,daorujinzouguosanshiduonianshiguang,yuedushimajinlianshizhongjianchide。“yuedushihenzhongyaodegongke,duiyuwolaishuo,wangwangshihoujibofadezhuangtai,yejiushishuoyabo88dengluzhucedetongshiyueduconglaidoumeiyoutingzhiguo”。majinlianyuedufanweifeichangguangfan,gujinzhongwaidezuopindoudu。tayouqizhiaicaoxueqinde《hongloumeng》,duonianlaiduanduanxuxuyizhizaidu,chengqiwei“yibenbaidubuyandeshu” 。

yabo88登录 “butongdenianlingduan,duibutongdezuopinyoubutongdeganshouhelijie,congxiaodaodawozijiyeshuobuqingduleduoshaoshu。wojuedeyueduzhenshihao,shunengrangwohuodedetaiduo,pengqiyibenshu,fuzaodexinjiunengpingjing,shihengdejingshenshijiejiunengzijipingheng。shushiyizhongweijiehejituo。yaomeiyoushu,wozhendebunengxiangxiangzijiduizheigecaozafanwuderenshihuishishenmeyangdekanfa,youruheanrantashidizouwanzheimanzhangdeyisheng。shushizuizhongchengdebanlvheairen。”

yabo88登录 guanzhutonglingrendezuopin,xiangtonglingrenxuexi,duimajinlianlaishuoyeshibukehuoquedeyibufen。zai“80hou”xiaoshuojiazhong,tabijiaoxinshangwangweilian、maxiaotao、caidong、sunpin、fuyuehui、linsen、zhoulilidengren。“buguanshi‘80hou’,‘90hou’,haishi‘00hou’,dangranhaiyouzhiqiande‘70hou’、‘60hou’、‘50hou’,meiyigegetidefazhan、meiyidairendefazhan,wojuededoujubeiyigechengqianqihoudeweizhihezuoyong,yabo88denglushiyitiaochuanliubuxideheliu,womenmeiyigedaijideyabo88dengluzhucezheshizheitiaoheliuzhongdemouyigeheduan,sihubukehuoque,dankendingyoubushiquanbu,zhishibufenchengxianchushuyuzheiyidaijidezhangduhekuandu。”

yabo88登录 zhiyu“80hou”yabo88dengluduizhongguoyabo88denglu,youqishiduidangxiazhongguoyabo88denglufazhandeyingxiang,majinlianrenweikendingyousuogongxian。zhiyuzheigegongxianzhanduodabizhong,haidejingshoushijiandejianyan,gengxuyao‘80hou’yabo88denglugongtongdenuli。majinlianzijiyijingjiandingleyabo88dengluzhucefangxiang:xiediceng,xiexianshi,xieshenghuo。“huoreershengdongdegushizongshizaizuiguangkuodeshenghuodangzhong,zaizuipangdaderenqundangzhong,yabo88dengludebichushizhongtiezhetamenqushuxie,shizuizhengquedexuanze,yeshiyigexiangcunchulaide‘80hou’yabo88denglubixudandangdezeren。woyouliyou,youyiwu,gengyouxinxinshuxiehaojiangshuhaobiaodahaozheigeshidaihezheiyishidaibeijingxia,zhongguo、xibu、huizu、putongbaixing、dicengshengcun、neixinxinyang、tudi、cunzhuangdengyabo88denglumingti,zheiyangdemingti,shiwoyabo88dengluzhucedezhichengdian,gengshi18suineinianxuanzeyabo88denglushidechuxin。”

回族yabo88登录带来了深度和美感

huizuyabo88denglushitiezaimajinlianshenshangdexianmingbiaoqian。duizaiyouxinyanghuanjinglizhangdademajinlianlaishuo,xinyangyijingchengweiyigebuzijuedexiguanheyiguqianzaideliliang,shenshendiqianrudaotashengmingdeshenchu。majinlianrenwei,xinyangduihuizuyabo88denglulaishuoshiyizhongbenshencunzaidepinzhi,yingxianglehuizuyabo88dengludeneixinshijie,jiusuantamenzaizuopinlimeiyoukeyiqutixianzheizhongyingxiang,zheizhongyingxiangzaizuopinzhongyehuibuzijinliulu。

“信仰是生活里的盐,从来都没有缺失过。只要写这片土地上的人和生活就行了,这种影响自然就会流露出来,yabo88登录注册中的审美取向自然而然摆在那里。”“回族yabo88登录因信仰和民族而产生的深度和美感,仔细研读回族yabo88登录的作品都能发现,比如当下的优秀回族yabo88登录石舒清、李进祥等人的作品,就具备这样高洁美好的品质。”马金莲也不例外,申霞艳便认为她的小说是“本色的,根植于信仰。她叙述爱、成长、忍耐和痛苦都是信仰的苦汁浇灌的花朵”。

yiwangdechuangzuozhong,majinlianxihuanjiangzuopinxiedeshizai,“hentu”deneizhong,meiyouhualihushaodechengfen,dangranzheiyoushihuijirenchenmen、dandiaodeyueduganjue。danxianzai,tazhuiqiuwenzidechunhou、chunjingheliuli,xiwangduzheduqilaiyouhuiweiwuqiongdeganjue。zhongpianxiaoshuo《zhanghe》zuinengshuomingzheiyidian。majinlianshuo,《zhanghe》shuyuwuxinchaliudejieguo。tabenxiangxiexihaigushancunlihuizurenminposu、qingjie、jiandan、beishangdesiwang。duanduanxuxuxieleliangnian,zaizuihouguantoumajinlianhuranxiangdao,shijieshangsuoyoudehuozhe,zuizhongdouyouyigejieguo——siwang,siwangshisuoyoushengmingbukebimiandejiejuhebeiju,zheimeyiyanshen,zirankuozhandaolezhenggerenleimingyun。siwangrutongyitiaozhangzhangdehe,yushixiaoshuobianqule “zhanghe”weiti。

zai《minzuyabo88denglu》bianjihawendejianyixia,majinlianjiang《zhanghe》shanquleyigebufen。xiaoshuozuihouzai《minzuyabo88denglu》shoufa,houyoubei《xiaoshuoxuankan》《zhonghuayabo88dengluxuankan》《xinhuawenzhai》dengduojiaqikanzhuanzai,bingxianhouruxuan13jiaxuanben,jinruzhongguonianduxiaoshuopaixingbangbangshou。2016nian,yi《zhanghe》weimingchubandexiaoshuojihuodedishiyijie“quanguoshaoshuminzuyabo88dengluchuangzuojunmajiang”,zuyishuomingmajinlianxinzhongqijinweizhidezheibuzuijiazuopinsuojuyoudejiazhi。

yabo88登录 《zhanghe》rangmajinlianmingbaiyigedaoli:yabo88dengluzhucebunengji,haozuopindemanmanxie,jingxingai,huafeixinxuequdamo。“wofaxianhenduochuxueyabo88dengluzhucederen,douhenfuzao,henbunengyixiazijiunachuyigehongdongwentandedongxilai,nabuchulai,jiugengfuzao,xinfuqizaodizaineilimaren,yifushifenjiyubeiwaijierenkedeyangzi,zheirangwojingxing,baochididiao、baochichenmo,bashijianhexinxuemomodiqingzhuzaiyabo88dengluzhucebenshenzhishang,zheishiwoxuyaoyizhijianshoude。zheixienianwozuimingxiandeganjue,jiushiyaoyingdebierendezunzhongheguanzhu,bixuzijizuodegenghao,gengnuli,xiechuzhazhashishidehaozuopinlai。zhiyounachuhaozuopin,nicainengwukuiyuyabo88dengluzheigeminghao,cainengwukuiyugengduoduzhedeqidai。”

部分访谈

记者:《1987年的浆水和酸菜》获得第七届鲁迅yabo88登录奖,您觉得获奖对你最大的影响是什么?

马金莲:yabo88登录对于获奖,我很早就有一种心态,能获奖是好事,是一种鼓励和肯定,但是不会追逐着奖项去前行,要始终保持内心的清醒和宁静,不躁动、不媚俗,不迷失自我,向着自己既定的方向去写就是。一路走来实在不易,得到了很多良师、益友的鼓励、呵护、扶持和托举。从青涩之年到年届不惑,我铭记着所有给予我温暖的那些面孔和善良的心。

yabo88登录 wozhenxizheiyangdehuode,tayiweizhedajiaduiwodegulihekending,bujinjinshiduiyipianzuopindekending,kenenggengshiduiyimingjicengyeyuzuozheduiyabo88dengluduoniandechimiyujianchideyicikendingba。wozaizhenxidetongshi,yehenqingxing,huojiangshixianzaishihuozheshuoguoqushi,jiushishuo,neishiduiwoguoqusuozuodenulidekending,erwozijigengyaomianduideshijianglai。yabo88dengludedaolushimanzhangde,yishudekaoyanshicankude,meiyidian、meiyididechengji,douxuyaoyongxinqindehanshuiquhuanqu。suoyiyihou,baochipingchangxintai,yirujiwangdipuzaiyueduheyabo88dengluzhuceshangba。

记者:在您的yabo88登录之路上,最想感谢的人有谁?

马金莲:yabo88登录最感谢我当年在师范学校yabo88登录社的指导老师马正虎先生,他是我们yabo88登录的领路人,一路呵护我们走出校园yabo88登录的小路子,迈上社会yabo88登录的大路,就算至今他还是关注着我们。当年从yabo88登录社走出来的所有还坚持yabo88登录的学生,他都有关注,时不时给与鼓励,指出不足,及时勉励,是真正的慈父般的严师。

记者:平时喜欢阅读什么类型的书?您的yabo88登录注册想向哪位yabo88登录看齐?

马金莲:喜欢张承志的作品。如果说在别人作品里学习的是技巧,那么在张承志的作品里,我汲取到的是一种精神,这个时代很长一段时间里yabo88登录作品中缺乏的精神。像钙质,多少在补充着我的骨骼,而且这影响是久远的,让我认识到在书写中始终坚持底层视角和观点的珍贵。

yexihuanlingwaiyixieyabo88dengluhetamendezuopin,biruluxunzuopindeshensui,wangcengqixiaoshuodetianran,xiaohongzuopindebenzhen,《huoluanshiqideaiqing》denairenxunwei,menluozuopinqianyushendelingqiaojiehe,zhangxianliangzuopindeyuanshengtai,chizijianzuopinyirujiwangdeqingling,hongkezuopindejiqingyuzhihui……weilejiquyingyang,wozaibutingdiyuedu。suoyiruguoshuochongbaihuozhexihuanguosheidezuopin,yekenengshiduanzande,huisuizhezhihoudeyueduherenshierbuduandituifanhuozhegengxinzheiganshou。

记者:20年的yabo88登录注册生涯对您来说意味着什么?您最想写出什么样的作品?

马金莲:yabo88登录这个看似简单的问题,其实最不好回答。我认真想了一圈儿,从开始yabo88登录注册到如今,跌跌撞撞磕磕碰碰的二十年里,真的写出了让自己最满意的作品了吗?没有,还真没有。细细品砸每一个作品,都是自己心血凝固浇筑的果实,但是又都存在这样那样的不足,着实没有一部能让我毫不犹豫地就拿出来说满意的作品。只能把遗憾推给时间,自己给自己许诺,说今后吧,今后努力写一个让自己满意的出来。但是,这张开给岁月的空头支票,究竟在这辈子的yabo88登录注册生涯里能不能成功地兑现,其实我自己也不知道。只能说,努力吧。