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从“使女”到“证言”:阿特伍德的伟大与危险
来源:北京青年报 | 陈嫣婧  2020年09月11日08:22
关键词:

suiran《zhengyan》tongchangbeikanzuoshi《shinvdegushi》xupian,bingqieshijiezhe“shinv”beiyingshihuadeqijierchuangzuowancheng,danzhengruzuozheatewudeyizhiqiangdiaode,zheimeduonianlai,pingjie《shinvdegushi》daijirendesikaoyizhidoumeinengtuolitasuoduiyingdexianshiyujing,tadequanqiuchangxiaoshijiyuyueduzheduiyileiwenhuanaizhishehuixianxiangbaofashideguanzhu,erzheiyeduncuzheyabo88dengluxuyaodui“shinv”xiliegushiyousuotuozhan,keyishuo《zhengyan》dewenshi,bianshiduidangxiashijiewenhuachaoliudeshishihuiying。

被奴役的性别

yabo88登录 yu“shinv”dexushuzhuyaoyishinvaofufuleidedeshijiaozhankaibutong,《zhengyan》deshijiaoshiduozhongqiebicijiaocuode,suiranrengyisanweinvxingzuoweizhuyaodexushuzhe,danxushijiaodianyijingyou“shinv”zheiyitedingquntituijidaojiliegongheguodegecengmian。yejiushishuo,atewudezaizheibuxinxiaoshuozhongxuyaozhijiemiandui“jiliegongheguo”zheigepangranguaiwuyibandecunzai,jierduizhichousibojian,yizhuazhutadehexin。youciwomensihuhuichanshengyixiecuojue,juedexiaoshuoduinvxingdetantaojiaozhiyutadeqianzuobuzaineimejizhong。youqishixiaoshuodezhuyaoxushirenlidiyamama,tajianzhengbingcanyulejilieguocongxingqidaowajiedezhenggeguocheng,liuxialezuiyoulidezhengyan,ranerzheiweinvxingdexingtezhengqueshigewaimohuaimeide。

zaichengweijilieguoquanlizhongxin“aduwatang”dezhangkongrenzhiqian,lidiyashiyimingzhongniannvfaguan,zheiyishehuishenfenyeshitabeidazhujiaoxuanzhongdezhuyaoyuanyin。haowuyiwen,zheishenfenshizhongxinghuaqieshehuihuachengdujigaode,tasuochanshengdejiazhishilidiyamamadechujingkansiyushinvmenwanquanxiangbei,tamingxianxiangyougenggaodequanli、diweiyushengwang。danshijishang,zuoweibeicaokongdeyifang,tadetounaoyushouwanyushinvmendezigongyiyang,wufayongyourenhezizhuquan。lidiyashiquanliyunzuojiqishangdeyimeiluosiding,yourushinvshiquanlidejutixianxianfangshi——jitishengyujiqishangdeyimeiluosiding。

xianbayigezuoweizhengtiderenjinxingchaijie,jinerjiangqizhongyouyongdeneibufenchouquchulai,qiyudezejinxingyasuohejiangwei。jiuruzuowei“shinv”denvxing,tamenbixushouxianshiyigejuxiangerdulideren,xingbiecaihuichanshengyiyi。ranerdangxingbiegongnengbeicubaodijiandandingyiweishengyu,bingjiangcigongnengcongyigejutiderenzhongbochu,bingwuxianqianghuazhihou,“yimingnvxingnenggoushengyu”zheigeshishijiubeizhuanhuawei“nengshengyushidenvxingcainengchengweinvxing”deguannian。

gongjurendechuxianwangwangyuguannianyouguan,duiguanniandezhijiezhangkongzeshiquanlidehexintixian。zai《shinvdegushi》li,lidiyamamakansishiyizhongxinxingnvxingguandesuzaozhe,birutahuijishinvmenguankanchongmanlebaolihesiwangqingjiedeseqingpian,rangnvxingchedichengweibeiguankandeduixiang,congerqidaokongheyuxunhuadezuoyong,dantazijiyezaibeiyizhonggengchedidebaolikongheyuxunhua,neijiushiducaizhefachudesiwangweixie。

《zhengyan》tongguoduijilieguojianguoguochengdezhuisu,shijishangshizhuisulelidiyacongyimingfaguandaoyigemamadesuzaoguocheng,zheishilingyileinvxingdemingyun,zuozheshitujiangzhiyushinvmendemingyunduijieqilai。congshinvdaomama,congqiongdaolidiya,shenzhishijilieguozhongyinbeishouxingyayicongerdaozhibingtaidenanxingjiaose,ruguozhishizhanxianqixingbiebeizhengyongdeguochenghuohouguo,zheixianranbuzuyitixianatewudequanbudechuangzuolinian,taxiwangshuxiedebingbu“doushitianshihuoshishiqudaodexuanzenenglideshouhaizhe”,ershiyigege“youquqiezhongyaoderenlei——xinggegeyi、judongbutong”deren,ruhezaibeinuyidejingkuangzhixiachengweifeiren。

被奴役的信仰

xiaoshuoqiangliedenvxingxushisecai,shihenduoduzhelisuodangrandirenweizheishiyibunvxingzhuyixiaoshuo,danjinjiangjilieguokanchengboduonvxingziyoudeyijiaquanlijiqirengshibugouwanzhengde。bizhezhuyidao,zheigejixingguojiazhengzaizhizaodelingyixiangzhongdaweiji:duixinyangziyoudechediniuquheboduo。

biaomiankan,wulunshi《shinvdegushi》haishi《zhengyan》,doumimanzheyigunonghoudezongjiaoqixi。congdazhujiaodezhiguolinian、renyurenzhijianpingchangdewenhouyu,daoshinvmendechuandai,sihuzheiliyijingchengweiyigedianxingdezhengjiaoheyiguojia。zhengtongdexinyangbingbuhuibizhixudecunzai,dailingzheyushunfuzhedeguanxibudanshipubiande,shenzhishibeiqiangdiaode。ranerrenhezhixudoubixufuconglianggeqianti:shouxiantabixuyouyigejianshidehexinneirong;qici,zhixudejianlibixujiyuziyou,zheishibiciyueshudeqianti,yeshishuangxianghuoduoxianghutongdejichu。zongjiaogaigejiamenyishidaoshendequanquanyurendeziyouzhijiandezhangli,chengrengetijuyouziwoyishi,zheijishirenshishendejieguo,yeshirenshirendejieguo。

danjilieguoduishenquandezhangkongheshixingqueshidanxiangqiefengbide,tajielihuimierendeziwoyishi,zheiyangxinyangjiubianchengleduirenxinlingdejingu,shirenshisangziyou,erbushizaixinxinzhongdedaozhenzhengdeziyou。suoyi,xiaoshuoqishishitongguoduiyixiezongjiaoyongyu、yishihexiguandexifanglaidadao“fanzongjiao”dexiaoguo,yicianshixinyangdehexinyaoyihejibenshuxingyidanbeirenweidicuangai,getijiangxianruhedengkepadejingdi。

被奴役的yabo88登录

《zhengyan》hetadeqianchuanyiyang,douxugouleyigejiduanzhengquan,doubiaoxianlegetidesangshi,yedouduixianshiyouyidingdeyingshe。atewudecengjingtidaozijidechuangzuoguannaishi“yiyabo88dengluzuoweiyuyan”,zheiyeshitajiangoujilieguozheiyangyigeweilaixuniguodudegenbendongji。jinnianlaixifangpinglunjiekaishifuyuzheileixiaoshuoyigexindechenghao——xuancexiaoshuo(speculative fiction),congzimianyisishangkan,tuice,tanjiu(speculate)xingweishizheileizuopinchuangzuodezhuyaoyitu。zaixinban《shinvdegushi》qianyanzhong,yabo88denglujiuxiedao:“zuijindemeiguodaxuanzhihou,kongjuyujiaolvmanyan。renmenpubianrenwei,jibendegongminziyoushoudaoqinhai,guoqushushizai,shenzhijigeshijiyilainvxingyingdedexuduoquanliyemianlinweiji。”julixiaoshuodefabiaonianfen1985nianyijingguoqulesanshiduonian,atewudexianranyishidao,tadangnianzaixiaoshuozhongmaixiadeneiduiweilaidekongjuzhengzaijianjianbianchengmouzhong“xianshi”。

zheihuoxukeyibeirenweishiyabo88dengluhuoyabo88dengludemouzhongchenggong,tadeyuzhinengli,taduishishidedongchali,yijitajianlizaixugouzhishangdeneizaizhenshixing,shiqitadewenyizaitinanyiqijide。danruguofanguolaikanzheigewenti,womenshifouyekeyirenwei,zheiyedaozhileyabo88dengluzuopinyuxianshishehuizhijiandeguanxibianchengleyizhonggengyimudelunweidaoxiangdehemouguanxini?yabo88dengluzhendexuyaoyuxianshibaochiruciqinmideguanxima?

yabo88登录 womenkeyizai《zhengyan》zhongganshoudaoyizhongbangboqishi,yijiyabo88dengluduitasuoyaochulideyiqiewentideqiangdabakongli,yinciwomenyenanyichajuexiaoshuozhongneixiejutirenwudeneixinshijie,tamendexinlihuodongbeichulidexiangduijianlve,weideshinenggenghaodiweixiaoshuodejiazhizouxiangfuwu。xiangduiyu《shinvdegushi》,《zhengyan》zhongderenwuxingxianggengjiadanbo,naizhiguoyubiaoqianhuale,duirenxingfuzaxingdejieshijihudangranwucun。

guoyuqiangdiaoduiwaibushijiedezhengtixingbawo,wangwangzhinengzhibuyuguannian,er《zhengyan》deweixianjiuzaiyuguofenchennizaiduizhengzhiguanniandetuiyan。suiranyabo88denglujixiwangyutongguoxiaoshuodexushufangshilairangbixiadezheixierenwujubei“mujizhe”defengmanneixin,bingyicichengwei“youquqiezhongyaoderenlei”。danshishishang,tamenrengranzhishiyigegechengzaizuozheguannianderongqi。

yabo88登录 atewudebenrenshenanjiduantongzhizhongguannianxianxingdekepahouguo,ranerdangtaxiwangtongguoyabo88dengluzhucelaifankangzheiyikepadehouguoshi,shifounenggoubimianjiangzijichuangzuodewenbenyedangzuoyizhongguanniandezaitini?