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《证言》:回答《使女的故事》结局之问,回应当下这个世界
来源:澎湃新闻 | 罗昕   周心怡  2020年08月17日08:44
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yabo88登录 zuowei《zhengyan》deqianshen,《shinvdegushi》jiangshule20shijimomeiguozaiyiqizhengbianzhihouchengleyounanxingtongzhidejiquanzhuyiguojia——“jiliegongheguo”(jiancheng“jilieguo”),nvzhurengongaofufuleidetongguoluyinxushuzijibeipochengweishengyujiqi“shinv”houdezhongzhongjingli。

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yabo88登录 《zhengyan》zhongwenbanxinshufabuhui

《证言》是一本非常伟大的答疑录

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yabo88登录 “zaisanshiwunianlisikaozheigewentihuiyoushenmeyangdedaanshigemanzhangdeguocheng,shehuibenshenzaigaibian,youxiekenengxingbianchenglexianshi,suizhierlaideshidaandebuduanbianhua。baokuomeiguozaineidexuduoguojiadegongminxianzaichengshoudeyalibisanshinianqiangengchenzhong。”tashuo。

duiyuxiaoshuozhongdejilieguosheding,luogangrenweihenyouyisi:“jilieguoshiyinanxingweizhu,queyouanpainvxinglaiguanlinvxing,tongguozhemoyixiejingyingnvxingbingshiqizhefu,bianchengsuoweidemama,zairangtamenzhidingzenmeguanlinvxing,mouzhongchengdushangyoushinvxingdezizhi。”

yuanxiaoyiqiangdiaozheizhongyaposhizhongshichuyuxunhuanzhuangtaide:“qishiduinvxingdeyapowangwangshilaiziyunvxing。zheiyidian,atewudejishishiqingmiaodanxiedixie,tadeshedingyehaishibaohanzheyidianyiwei。‘nanjie’he‘nvjie’wentizai《shinvdegushi》zhongjiuyijingmaixialefubi,jinguanjilieguodeshijieguanbiaomingnanxingtounaogengzhuanzhudengyixilieyoudian,dan《zhengyan》zuihoudejuqingyezhengminglenanxingmeiyouneimeweida。”

yushiqiangdiao:“jilieguozheiyangyigekansinanquandeguojialiqishiyouyibufenwanquancaiyongmuxishehuideguanlifangfa,bingqieshedingdexiangdangxiangxi,birushuonvxingdejiaoyu、hunpei,banvxingcongwudaoyoudeshengzhangguochengdoubaohanzaizheigemuxishehuilimian,zheishi《zhengyan》zuizhongyaodeyibufenneirong。”

tabiaoshi:“qishicongaofufuleidedeshijiaolaikan,jilieguodenanxingbingmeiyouduoxingfu,yemeiyouzhanduodadeyoushi。ruguoeryuanduilidilaishuo,jilieguoduinvxingdequeshifanwutuobangde,danfanguolaitayebushinanxingdewutuobang。jilieguozhongsuoyouderen,buguangnvxing,haiyounanxing,baokuogegejiecengdenanxing,tamenqishidoumeiyoubanfashixianziwodejiazhi。congrenxingdejiaodulaijiang,napazhenggeguojiadezhidushedingshiyiyanxuzhongzudeweidamubiaoweiqianti,zhongjiuhaishiyigeshibaidetizhi,zuizhongyaozouxiangmiewang。”

yabo88登录 “mouzhongyiyishang,zheibu《zhengyan》shiwei《shinvdegushi》duzheheguanzhongliangshendingzhi,zaizheicengyiyishangtahendute。meigeduzhedounengtongguotazhaodaokan《shinvdegushi》shiliuxiadeneixieyiwendehuida。atewudeyongyibenshudejiegoulaidayi,jihushiyizhongwenbenshiyan。”maojianshuo,《zhengyan》shiyibenfeichangweidadedayilu,shiyouxi,yeshitebiebaduzhedangshangdidexingwei。

绝不仅仅是“女性主义”和“科幻”

yabo88登录 suiran《shinvdegushi》he《zhengyan》doushicongnvxingshijiaochufajiangshunvxingdeshengcunwenti,danatewudeshizhongqiangdiaotabushinvxingzhuyiyabo88denglu,《zhengyan》he《shinvdegushi》yebushinvxingzhuyizuopin。tacengzaiyingguodulibaodecaifangzhongzheiyangshuo:“nvquanzhuyidebiaoqianzhinengtiezaineixiexuyijiangnvquanzhuyiyundongzuoweixiaoshuobeijingdezuozheshenshang。”

duici,yuanxiaoyibiaoshi:“zhishaowodu《zhengyan》shimeiyoubatadangzuonvxingxiaoshuolaidu。zuoweibijiaoxiguanfaguoxiaoshuoderen,wojuedetahefaguonvyabo88dengluxiangbishifeichangyou‘lichang’de,erqietafeichangmingquedibatadelichangxiejinxiaoshuo。zai1980niandaijiunengxiechu《shinvdegushi》,atewudeqishifeichanglebuqi,yinweidangshidajiadourentongxifangdejiazhiguan,renweiminzhu、ziyou、kexuejishudengyidinghuibarenleidaixiangguangming。danatewudequenengtiaotuochuzheizhonghuayutixilaisikao,worenweitadexiaoshuobushiwanquandenvxingzhuyizuopin。”

yabo88登录 luogangrenwei,biqinvxingzhuyiyabo88denglu,atewudegengduodixishoulehouxiandainvxingzhuyisixiangchengguo,duixiandaixingchifansitaidu。“xiandainvxingzhuyifuyunvxinggezhonggeyangdequanli,shiqiconggezhongchuantongdeshufuzhongjiefangchulai。danzheixiequanligengduotixianlexifangdejiazhiguan,biruxifangrenrenweinvrenguoxiaojiaoshizhongguorenyumeidebiaoxian,mouzhongchengdushangchengweilezhongguodexiangzheng,danshijishang,guoxiaojiaobingfeizhongguodepubianxianxiang,tongguojiangteshuxianxiangputonghua,jiuyinyingouchengleyizhongwenmingdedengjizhidu——xifangwenmingshigaodengji,zhongguowenmingquediyidengji。houxiandainvxingzhuyifansizheizhongpubianxingjiazhi,qiangdiaonvxinglichangdeshihoubingbuxuyaowanquanjieshoulaizixifangdeneiyitaoguandian,eryaoyishidaozishenlishidedutexing”。

yabo88登录 “suoyihuitoulaikanatewude,henyouyisideyidian,shitazaixiaoshuozhongxiechule‘guocheng’——neixiezaixifangkanshangqulisuodangrandenvxingquanlishijingguomanzhangdedouzhengzhengqudaode,bingbushiyushengjulaide。zheilimiannvxingdewentibingbujiandan,bushiqiangdiaopushijiazhijiukeyijiejuede”。luogangshuo。

yabo88登录 chulenvxingzhuyi,atewudeyeyizhijujueba“shinv”xiliezuoweikehuanzuopinlaidingyi,jinguangushizhongdejilieguoshitedingdejiakongqingjing,yecaiyonglekehuanyabo88dengluzhongchangjiande“moriqushi”,dantarenweibiqi“kehuan”,zheigengshi“xianshi”。zaihezhunuo·diyasiduitanshi,tatanyan:“zhengrunisuozhidaode,woxiaoshuozhongzhanxianderenleidezhongzhongxingjingbingfeiduzhuan,zaimouxielishijieduandemouxiedifang,tamenqueshifashengguo;erzaidangxiashijiedeyixieguojia,tamenzhengshixianshi。”

zheizhong“qukehuanxing”zaidianshijuzhonghuoxutixiandegengweimingxian,birujujizhongshizhongmeiyoutidaozai《shinvdegushi》he《zhengyan》zhongchuxiande“2197niandeyantaohui”。maojianduicifenxi:zheigeshangaiyinggaiyeshiheatewudedexieshang,tabuhuiyuanyibazheigejupaichengyigekehuanju,ruguoba2197nianfangjinquhuifeichangmingmiandekehuan。“apoyeshuo‘wozheibenshushangmeiyouyijianshiqingshilishishangmeiyoufashengguode’,suoyicongzheidianlaikan,cijuzuodefeichangchenggong。”

yabo88登录 maojianzongjie,wulunshi“nvxingzhuyi”haishi“kehuanxing”douzhishiatewudepangdaxushizhongdexiaxiazhuti,tasuoyaobiaodadeyuanbuzhizheixie:“tadezuopinbujinjinshinvxingzhuyiwenben,yebujinshikehuanwenben,nvxinghekehuandoushibeixiangqianzaiyigegengdadequanliguanxiheguangkuoshijieli。atewudedexiaoshuozhongxiangqianledalianggengda、gengfuzadexushi,yinciruguobanvxingzhuyihuokehuandanchuntiquchulaituiweishouyaoyiti,jiubuzhunque。”

小说与影视改编联动,重新照亮作品的价值

yingshijutuidongxiaoshuoxuzuodedanshengzaiyabo88denglushishangbingbuchangjian,dantongmingdianshiju《shinvdegushi》defengmihequanqiuyingmidereqieguanzhuwuyijidadituidongleatewudexuxie《zhengyan》。

yabo88登录 zai《zhengyan》quanqiufabude2019nian,genju《shinvdegushi》gaibiandetongmingdianshijudisanjishangying,gaijuyizaijinsannianlihengsaoaimeijiang、jinqiujianghebeiyuwei“aosikafengxiangbiao”depinglunjiaxuanzejiang。atewudebenrenhaizaidiyijizhongkechuanleyiweimama,zaijuzhongshanleaofufuleideyibazhang。yushizaiyihoujilitidao,zheiyimumingmingshiatewudezijixiechulaidechangjing,atewudeyanchushiquejuedetebiekongbu。

“atewudezaixie《zhengyan》shiyizhigen《shinvdegushi》debianjubulusi·milebaochimiqiedegoutong。milebajujizhongchuxiandexijiegaosuatewude,yibaochixuzuoyujuqingyizhi。”duiyu《zhengyan》deyingshihuagaibian,yushizetoulu:“henduorendouzaiqidaipaishezhongdedisijinenggouyouyigehaodejieju,buguojuwosuozhi,disijibuhuipaidao《zhengyan》。jinhou,《zhengyan》youkenenghuilingqiyibuxinju。”

yabo88登录 maojiancheng,yibanlaishuo,yiliuxiaoshuoshihennanbeigaibianchengjude,xiangjiaoeryan,sanliushenzhisiliudexiaoshuogengshihegaibianchengju,dan《shinvdegushi》zuoweidianshijushihenchenggongde。bujinshibiandaonengli,haiyoushijiandiandeguanxin。“2017nianganghaochuxianlenvde、nvquanyixiliejiaodianshijian,jiashangmeiguozongtongtelangpubazheileihuatituishangfengkou,《shinvdegushi》dianshijujiubianchengleyigefeichangyouxiaodehuati。”

tayefeichangqidai《zhengyan》deyingshihua:“zheigexiaoshuowozaikandeshihoujiujuedetaishihepaichengjule,youqihoubanbufentisu,yelvejiandan,danhenjuben,haoxiangyijingweidianshijuzuohaolefangfangmianmiandejuqingzhunbei。”

xiaoshuoyuyingshideliandongmeilihuoxuzhengzaiyuci。jinguanatewudebeibushaorenrenweishi“zuiyinghuodenuobeieryabo88denglujiang”deyabo88dengluzhiyi,taciqianyizhimianlinzhe“jiaohaobujiaozuo”dechujing。《shinvdegushi》zaichubanyishisuiyouguofanxiang,quebingmeiyou“chuquan”,zhidao2017niandianshijudefanpaishiqifengmiquanqiu,xiaoshuoyepinpinyueshangduoguodechangxiaoshubangshou。

yabo88登录 luogangshuo:“atewudeshijishangshiyigehenqianghandeyabo88denglu,worenweitashisuoyounvyabo88denglulisixiangnenglizuiqianghande。《shinvdegushi》zai2017nianbeigaibianchengdianshiju,duiyuatewudelaijiang,shidianshijuzhongxinzhaoliangzheibuchenjiduoniandezuopindejiazhi。”